POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
NEDARIM 41 - Dedicated by Mr. and Mrs. Avi Turkel, of Passaic, New Jersey. May the Zechus of teaching Torah to many thousands assure them and their children good health and the fulfillment of all their material needs, allowing them to continue dedicating their energy to Torah and Mitzvos!
1) KNOWLEDGE IS EVERYTHING
(a) (R. Ami): "Make for yourself Kelim of exile" - these are
a lamp, a bowl, and a leather mat to eat on.
1. (R. Ami): "Lacking everything" refers to one who
lacks a lamp and a table;
(b) (Abaye): True poverty is lack of knowledge.
2. (Rav Chisda): It refers to one who lacks a wife;
3. (Rav Sheshes): It refers to one who lacks an
4. (Rav Nachman): It refers to one who lacks knowledge;
5. (Beraisa): It refers to one who lacks salt and oil.
(c) (Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael): If one has knowledge, he
has everything. If one lacks knowledge, what does he
1. If he acquires knowledge, he has everything. If he
does not acquire knowledge, he does acquire anything
(that will benefit from).
(d) (R. Alexandri): A sick person is not cured until all his
sins are pardoned - "the One who forgives all my sins,
who heals all my ailments."
(e) (Rav Hamnuna): (A sick person who is cured) returns to
his youth (i.e. healthier than before the illness) -
"Rutafash (this is like Ratuv Pash, will become moist and
increase) his flesh from having been agitated; he will
return to the days of his youth."
(f) (Rav Yosef): "In his sickness, You reversed all his lying
down" - he forgets his learning. (Maharsha - perhaps this
verse should be deleted. We learn from the previous
verse, he returns to Alumav, i.e. the period of Ha'alamah
1. Rav Yosef fell sick and forgot his learning. Abaye
restored it to him.
(g) Rebbi used to learn 13 facets of each law. He taught to
R. Chiya seven of them. Rebbi fell sick and forgot his
learning; R. Chiya taught him the seven facets he had
received, and six were missing.
2. In many places, Rav Yosef said he never heard a
certain teaching, and Abaye reminded him that Rav
Yosef himself taught that teaching, and reminded him
about the source.
1. There was a launderer who used to hear Rebbi learn.
R. Chiya learned the other six from him, and taught
them back to Rebbi.
2. Version #1: When Rebbi would see the launderer, he
would say 'you made me and R. Chiya (complete in
3. Version #2: He would say 'you made R. Chiya, and R.
Chiya made me'.
2) DIVINE PROVIDENCE
(a) (R. Alexandri): The miracle done for a Choleh (who
recovers) is greater than the miracle that was done for
Chananyah, Michael and Azaryah.
1. The fire they entered was manmade, and anyone could
extinguish it. The fire of a Choleh is from Hash-m.
Who can extinguish it?!
(b) (R. Alexandri or R. Yehoshua ben Levi): Once a person's
time to die comes, everything rules over him. (Kayin
said) "whatever finds me will kill me."
1. (Rav): We learn this from "They stand today to Your
judgments, for they are all Your slaves."
(c) They told Rabah bar Shilo that a tall man is about to
die. The man was riding on a small mule. When he was
crossing a bridge, the mule went crazy and threw him into
the water. While he was dying, he said about himself
"they stand today to Your judgments."
(d) Shmuel saw a scorpion on top of a frog. The frog took it
across a river; the scorpion bit a person, and he died -
"they stand today to Your judgments."
3) WHOM WE DO NOT VISIT
(a) (Shmuel): The only sick person one should visit is one
with a fever.
(b) Question: What does he come to exclude?
(c) Answer (Beraisa - R. Yosi ben Parta): We do not visit
those with intestinal sickness, nor those with eye
problems, nor those with headaches.
(d) Question: Why don't we?
1. Granted, one with intestinal sickness is embarrassed
to have visitors.
(e) Answer: It is due to Rav Yehudah's teaching, that
speaking hurts the eyes and head.
2. But why don't we visit those with eye problems and
(f) (Rava): If a fever was not the Shali'ach of the angel of
death, a monthly fever would protect a person like Chizra
(prickly shoots that grow around the base of a palm tree
to protect it from animals) for the tree and medicine for
(g) (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): We do not desire fevers, nor
(h) (Rabah bar Yonasan): Arsan helps cure a sick person.
(i) Question: What is Arsan?
(j) Answer #1 (R. Yonasan): It is old barley without the
shell at the beginning of sifting;
1. (Abaye): It must be cooked (greatly,) like ox meat.
(k) Answer #2 (Rav Yosef): It is flour of old barley at the
beginning of sifting;
1. (Abaye): It must be cooked like ox meat.
(l) (R. Yochanan): We do not visit those with Bordam (a
flowing of blood; some explain, diarrhea), and we do not
mention the name (of the illness).
1. (R. Elazar): This is because it is like a flowing
spring (and he is embarrassed).
2. It is called Bordam for it is like Bor Dam (a well
4) MONETARY "REFU'AH"
(a) (Mishnah): He may cure his body...
(b) Question: What is the difference between bodily and
1. Suggestion: Bodily Refu'ah is for free. Monetary
Refu'ah is for wages (and the Mishnah discusses when
the doctor may not benefit from the Choleh).
(c) Answer: Rather, bodily Refu'ah is himself, and monetary
Refu'ah is his animal. (The Mishnah discusses when the
Choleh may not benefit from the doctor. Refu'ah is a
Mitzvah, so we do not take wages for it.)
2. Rejection: If so, the Mishnah should say that he may
heal him for free, but not for wages!
1. (Rav Zutra bar Tuvya): (Even regarding his animal,)
he may tell him which medicines will help, and which
5) JOINT ACTIVITIES.
(a) (Mishnah): If Reuven is Mudar Hana'ah from Shimon, he may
bathe with him in a big bathtub, but not in a small one;
(b) He may sleep with him in a bed;
(c) R. Yehudah says, this is permitted in summer, but not in
winter, for he benefits him.
(d) He may sit with him on a bed, and eat with him at a
table, but he may not eat with him from a platter;
1. He may eat with him from a platter that returns.
(e) (Gemara - Beraisa - R. Meir): He may not bathe with him
in a bathtub, nor sleep with him in a bed, whether big or
(f) R. Yehudah says, a large bed is permitted in winter, and
even a small bed in summer;
(g) He may bathe with him in a big bathtub, and be in a
steambath with him even if it is small.
(h) (Mishnah): He may sit with him on a bed, and eat with him
at a table, but he may not eat with him from a platter.
He may eat with him from a platter that returns.
1. (R. Yosi bar Chanina): This refers to a platter that
returns to the host (with food. Whether or not
Shimon eats, there will be enough for Reuven.)
(i) (Mishnah - R. Meir): He may not eat with him from a food
bin set out in front of workers. He may not plow with him
in the same row;
1. Chachamim say that if he is far from him, this is
(j) (Gemara): All agree that they may not plow close
together. They argue only when they are far apart;
1. R. Meir decrees due to the case when they are close,
for then Shimon softens the ground for Reuven.
Chachamim do not decree.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Nedarim