REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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BIKURIM PEREK 1

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) Regarding the obligation to bring Bikurim, the Mishnah lists three possibilities. Some people have to bring Bikurim and read the Parshah others bring Bikurim but do not read the Parshah. What is the third alternative?
(b) Which Parshah is the Tana referring to?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about someone who plants a tree in ...
1. ... his own field and re-plants an attached branch (ha'Mavrich) into somebody else's field or into a public domain?
2. ... somebody else's field or in a public domain and re-plants an attached branch (ha'Mavrich) into his own field?

2)
(a) The Tana Kama adds to the above someone who plants a tree in his own field and re-plants an attached branch in another of his fields, only a road runs in between the two fields. What does R. Yehudah say?
(b) What is his reasoning?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 2

3)
(a) With regard to the above, what does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Reishis Bikurei Admascha?
(b) The Tana therefore places Arisin, Chakoros, Sikrikun and Gazlanim in the same category. What is the difference between ...
1. ... an Aris and a Chakor?
2. ... a Sikrikun and a Gazlan?
(c) What is 'Sikrikun' the acronym of?
(d) Seeing as the owner gave him the field to save his life, why is he not considered the new owner?
(e) On what grounds are all of these Patur from Bikurim?

Mishnah 3

4)
(a) What do we learn from the word "me'Reishis" (mentioned in Ki Savo, in connection with Bikurim)?
(b) What does "D'vash" refer to?
(c) Which species of fruit are then subject to Bikurim (besides dates).
(d) If the Tana exempts dates that grow in the mountains from Bikurim, what does he say about ...
1. ... other fruit?
2. ... olives? Which kind of olives does he exempt from Bikurim?

5)
(a) When does the Bikurim season begin?
(b) What happened when the men of Tzevu'im brought Bikurim to Yerushalayim before Shavu'os?
(c) What is the Torah referring to when it writes in Mishpatim "ve'Chag ha'Katzir Bikurei Ma'asecha"?

Mishnah 4

6)
(a) The Tana now discusses those who bring Bikurim but who don't read the Parshah. Whom does he exempt from 'K'ri'ah', based on the Pasuk "Asher Nishba Hash-m la'Avoseinu Laseis Lanu"?
(b) Which category of 'Ger' does he nevertheless include?
(c) When Davenning the Amidah, what does a Ger say (for the text 'Elokeinu v'Elokei Avoseinu') when ...
1. ... he Davens quietly?
2. ... he is the Chazan?
(d) And what does he say if his mother is Jewish, even though his father is not?

7)
(a) What does the Rambam say about a Ger bringing Bikurim?
(b) On what grounds do we allow him to say "la'Avoseinu ... "?
(c) According to him, what does he say when Davenning the Amidah?

Mishnah 5

8)
(a) What does R. Eliezer ben Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel (in connection with Kohanim) "*mi'Zera* Beis Yisrael Yikchu Lahem Nashim"?
(b) What is the Halachah regarding a Kohen who did marry such a woman?
(c) What does the Tana say about Geirim and Avadim Meshuchrarim (Avadim that have been set free)?
(d) Up to how many generations does R. Eliezer ben Ya'akov disqualify their daughters from Kehunah (unless their mothers are Yisre'eilyos)?

9)
(a) The Mishnah exempts an Apotropus from K'ri'ah. What is an Apotropus? Who appointed him?
(b) What does the Tana say about a Sheli'ach who takes Bikurim to the Beis-Hamikdash, an Eved, and a woman reading the Parshah?
(c) What is the reason for all the above?
(d) Which two other cases does the Tana include in the list? What does he learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas (in connection with the Parshah of inheritance) "Ish L'fi Pekudav"?

10)
(a) Under which circumstances can a Sheli'ach not take Bikurim on behalf of the owner?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about a husband taking his wife's Bikurim on her behalf?
(c) Why is that?

Mishnah 6

11)
(a) The Tana Kama obligates someone who purchases two fruit-trees in someone's field to bring Bikurim but not to read the Parshah. Why is that?
(b) What would he say in a case where he purchased ...
1. ... one tree?
2. ... three trees?
(c) What does R. Meir hold regarding someone who purchases two trees?

12)
(a) What does the Tana Kama say about a case where the fountain that waters one's field dries up or the tree that produced the Bikurim fruit is cut down?
(b) What would be the Din if either of these happened after he had already separated the Bikurim?
(c) What does R. Yehudah say about all this?
(d) Why is that?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

13)
(a) What distinction does the Tana Kama draw between the period between Shavu'os and Succos and the period between Succos and Chanukah?
(b)What does R. Yehudah ben Beseira say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes? From which Pasuk does the Tana Kama learn his Din?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 7

14)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who separated Bikurim and then sold his field?
(b) What does the Tana Kama say about the purchaser, based on the Pasuk "Higadti ha'Yom"?
(c) R. Yehudah disagrees. How does R' Yehudah explain "ha'Yom"?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 8 & 9

15)
(a) Someone whose Bikurim are stolen, spoilt, lost or Tamei, is obligated to bring Bikurim again. In which way is the second Bikurim different than the first?
(b) Why is that (see Tos. Yom-Tov).
(c) The Tana also exempts a Zar who ate them from paying the Chomesh. What is the Halachah in this point?

16)
(a) What does the owner do if the Bikurim became Tamei in the Azarah?
(b) Is he obligated to re-place them?
(c) What does the Tana learn in this regard from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Reishis Bikurei Admascha Tavi Beis Hash-m Elokecha?
2. ... "ve'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha"?
(d) What is the Mishnah coming to teach us when it concludes 'Harei she'Heivi mi'Miyn Echad ve'Chazar ve'Heivi mi'Miyn Acher, Eino Korei'?
(e) According to whom does the Tana say this?

Mishnah 10

17)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses the fruit that requires Keri'ah. Which two basic conditions are required for fruit to fall under the category of Meivi ve'Korei?
(b) Under which condition does Keri'ah apply to ...
1. ... dates? Why is that
2. ... other fruit?
3. ... olives? Why is that?

18)
(a) What does R. Yossi ha'Gelili say about the fruit of Eiver ha'Yarden?
(b) What is his reason?
(c) What do the Chachamim say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 11

19)
(a) According to the Tana Kama, if someone purchases three trees in Eretz Yisrael, 'Meivi ve'Korei'. What does R. Meir say?
(b) Under which circumstances will the same apply even to someone who purchases only one tree?
(c) What does R. Yehudah say about Arisin and Chokrin?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

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