REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS
Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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Previous Perek BIKURIM PEREK 2
(a) The Mishnah lists the things that Terumah and Bikurim have in common. What happens to a Zar who eats either of them ...
1. ... be'Meizid?
2. ... be'Shogeg?
(b) Having said that a Zar is Chayav Misah, we can only justify the Tana's next statement 'va'Asurim le'Zarim' according to R. Yochanan (in Yoma). What does R. Yochanan say?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he says 've'Heim Nechsei Kohen'?
(d) Into how much Chulin must they fall in order to become Batel?
(a) What must ...
1. ... a Tahor Kohen do before eating (or even touching) them?
2. ... Tamei Kohen do before eating them?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with Terumah) ...
1. ... "u'Umeisu Bo ki Yechaleluhu"?
2. ... "u'Va ha'Shemesh ve'Taher"?
(c) What is the source for the Din that Terumah requires washing the hands?
(d) From where do we know that all these Dinim pertain to Bikurim too?
(a) When the Tana says that all these Dinim pertain to Terumah and Bikurim, what is he coming to preclude?
(b) What is one permitted to purchase with Ma'aser-Sheni money?
(c) Into how much must it fall in order to become Batel? When will it not become Batel?
(d) At which stage may someone who is Tamei eat Ma'aser-Sheni?
(a) The Mishnah now lists the things that Ma'aser Sheni and Bikurim have in common, but not Terumah. What do they share with regard to ...
1. ... location?
2. ... what needs to be said there?
(b) Under which circumstances are their respective owners not permitted to eat them (according to the Tana Kama)?
(c) We know that Bikurim too, must be taken to Yerushalayim from the Pasuk "va'Haveisem Shamah ... u'Terumas Yedchem" (which refers directly to Bikurim). What is the source for Viduy with regard to ...
1. ... Ma'aser Sheni?
2. ... Bikurim?
(d) Are Terumah and Terumas-Ma'aser not also included in the Parshah of Viduy (as Chazal derive from "ve'Gam Nesativ la'Levi" [ki Savo])?
(a) What does the Tana Kama learn from the Pasuk in ki Savo ...
1. ... "Lo Achalti ve'Oni Mimenu"?
2. ... "ve'Samachta be'Chol ha'Tov"?
(b) The Torah in Ki-Savo specifically subjects Ma'aser Sheni to Biy'ur (in the fourth year) from the Pasuk "Bi'arti ha'Kodesh min ha'Bayis". From where does the Tana Kama learn that Bikurim too is included?
(c) On what grounds does R. Shimon disagree with the Tana Kama both with regard to the Din of Onan and with that regarding the Din of Biy'ur?
(a) What do Ma'aser Sheni and Bikurim have in common regarding ...
1. ... Bitul?
2. ... such a mixture that one planted in Yerushalayim?
(b) What does R. Shimon say about the latter case?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah throughout the Mishnah?
(d) What will be the Din regarding Terumah vis-a-vis all the above.
(a) The Mishnah now lists the things that Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni have in common. What does the Tana mean when he says that they 'forbid the granary', whereas Bikurim does not?
(b) They also have a Shi'ur, whereas Bikurim does not (see Tos. Yom-Tov). If the Shi'ur of Ma'aser Sheni is a tenth, what is the Shi'ur of Terumah?
(c) Bikurim applies to the 'seven species'. To which species do Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni apply?
(a) What is the difference between Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni on the one hand, and Bikurim on the other, as to when they apply?
(b) From where do we learn that Bikurim is restricted to when the Beis-Hamikdash is standing?
(c) What distinction does the Tana draw between them with regard to 'Arisus, Chakirus and Gazlan'?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki-Savo "Bikurei Admascha"?
(a) The Tana now lists seven Halachos that are peculiar to Bikurim alone (and not to Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni). The first and second of these we learn from the Pasuk "Bikurei Kol Asher be'Artzam" and "Bikurei Kol" and "me'Reishis Kol" respectively. What do we learn from ...
1. ... "Bikurei Kol Asher be'Artzam"?
2. ... "Bikurei Kol" and "me'Reishis Kol"?
(b) The third peculiarity pertaining to Bikurim is the fact that one remains responsible for them until they reach the Azarah, as we learnt in the previous Perek. Of the remaining four, two of them are that they require both Korban and Shir. What are the final two?
(c) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ...
1. ... "ve'Samachta be'Chol ha'Tov" and "ve'Zavachta Shelamim ... ve'Samachta" (also in Ki-Savo, in connection with Har Gerizim and Har Eival)?
2. ... "be'Chol ha'Tov" and "ke'Shir Agavim Yafeh Kol u'Meitiv Nagein"?
3. ... "ve'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha" and "*Yadav* Tevi'enah es Ishei Hash-m" (in Tzav, in connection with the Korban Shelamim)?
(d) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "u'Fanisa ba'Boker ve'Halachta le'Ohalecha"?
(a) Now the Tana discusses T'rumas Ma'aser. Why did the Chachamim forbid separating Terumah min ha'Tahor al ha'Tamei?
(b) How does this explain why we compare Terumas to Bikurim in this regard rather than to Terumah?
(c) On the other hand, we compare it to Terumah in two regards, one of them that it forbids the granary. In which other regard do we compare Terumas Ma'aser to Terumah (and not to Bikurim)?
(a) If Esrog-trees (Halachcally) resembles other fruit-trees in three ways, in how many ways do they resemble vegetables?
(b) Besides being subject to Orlah and Neta Revai, in which other way do they resemble fruit-trees?
(c) In that case, which stage of growth will determine these three Halachos?
(a) In which area of Halachah will Esrog-trees resemble vegetables?
(b) Which stage of 'growth' will therefore determine all the Dinim connected with Ma'asros?
(c) This is the opinion of Raban Gamliel. What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(a) The Tana now discusses Dam Mehalchei Sh'tayim. What is 'Dam Mehalchei Sh'tayim'?
(b) What does the Tana learn regarding it from ...
1. ... Dam Beheimah?
2. ... Dam ha'Sheretz?
(c) What does he learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "al ha'Aretz Tishpechenu ka'Mayim"?
(d) Under what condition will someone who eats Dam Sheretz be subject to Malkos?
(a) The Tana now discusses a Coy. What are the three possible definitions of Coy?
(b) Does it have the Din of a Beheimah or of a Chayah?
(a) What will now be the Din if someone Shechts one of the possible Coys with regard to ...
1. ... Kisuy ha'Dam?
2. ... Kisuy ha'Dam on Yom-Tov if one Shechted it (which he ought not to have done)?
(b) Why is Shechting it on Yom-Tov prohibitted Lechatchilah?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav (in connection with the Cheilev of a Beheimah) "ve'Cheilev Neveilah ... Ye'aseh le'Chol Melachah"?
(b) What will now be the status of someone who eats the Cheilev of the Neveilah of a Coy?
(c) Bearing in mind the Pasuk in Ki-Sisa "u'Peter Chamor Tifdeh be'Seh", may one redeem a firstborn donkey with a Coy?
(a) Bearing in mind that the Cheilev of a Chayah is permitted, may one eat the Cheilev of a Coy?
(b) Why is someone who does so not subject to Kareis?
(a) Why may one not purchase a Coy with Ma'aser-Sheni money to eat in Yerushalayim?
(b) According to R. Eliezer, a Coy is not subject to Matanos (Zero'a, Lechayayim ve'Keivah). Why is that?
(c) What do the Chachamim say, based on the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with Matanos) "Im Shor Im Seh"?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about ...
1. ... breeding a Coy with a Chayah?
2. ... breeding a Coy with a Beheimah?
3. ... someone (who owns a Coy and) who bequeathes his son his Beheimah and his Chayah?
(b) How does the Rambam explain the words 'Chayaso u'Behemto'?
(c) What are the ramifications of his explanation?
(d) And what does the Tana rule in a case where somebody points to a Coy and declares that he will a Nazir if it is a. a Chayah b. a Beheimah? Why is that?
(e) What will be the Din if he makes the same declaration but on condition that the animal is either both a Beheimah and a Chayah or neither?
(a) In all other regards a Coy has the joint Dinim of a Beheimah and a Chayah. How many areas of Halachah are affected by this statement?
(b) Besides the fact that it requires Shechitah, which other two areas is the Tana referring to?
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