REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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BIKURIM PEREK 3

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) At which stage does fruit become eligible to be designated as Bikurim?
(b) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Savo (in connection with the Keri'ah) "Hinei Heivesi es Reishis P'ri ha'Adamah"?
(c) What does the owner do upon sighting the first 'fruit' on his fig-tree, vine or pomegranate tree?
(d) According to R. Shimon, what does he remain obligated to do? What does he learn from the Pasuk "ve'Lakachto me'Reishis Kol P'ri ha'Adamah" in this regard?

Mishnah 2

2)
(a) They would bring their Bikurim to Yerushalayim in large groups according to the Ma'amados. What were the Ma'amados? How many Ma'amados were there?
(b) All the towns incorporating each particular Ma'amad would all gather in the city where the head of that particular Ma'amad resided. Why did everyone not just make his own way to Yerushalayim?

3)
(a) What would they all do the night after they had gathered, before setting out for Yerushalayim with their Bikurim?
(b) Why did they sleep outside in the open?
(c) What was the head of the Ma'amad's wake-up call?

Mishnah 3

4)
(a) What is the difference between the Bikurim of those who lived near Yerushalayim and those who lived far?
(b) What was the significance of the bull that walked in front of each owner?
(c) What was unusual about its ...
1. ... horns?
2. ... head?
(d) Why specifically olive branches?

5)
(a) What accompanied them on their way to Yerushalayim?
(b) When they got close to Yerushalayim, what did they do with their baskets of fruit, after sending messengers to announce their imminent arrival?
(c) What did the heads of the Kohanim, the heads of the Levi'im and the treasurers of Hekdesh do when they received the good news from the messengers?
(d) What was significant about the number of leaders who came out to meet them?

6)
(a) What did all the work-owners do when the group entered Yerushalayim?
(b) Seeing as one is not obligated to stop working to acknowledge the arrival of a Talmid-Chacham, why did they need to do so for the group that brought Bikurim?
(c) For whom else is it customary to do the same thing?

Mishnah 4

7)
(a) When did the flautist stop playing?
(b) Assuming King Agrippa (see Tos. Yom-Tov) was in the group, what would even he be obligated to do, the moment they reached the Har ha'Bayis?
(c) Why was this necessary?
(d) What would the Levi'im sing as they entered the Azarah?

Mishnah 5

8)
(a) What was the significance of the young birds that were hanging from the back of the baskets (see Tiferes Yisrael)? What sort of birds were they?
(b) When the Tana says that they gave what they were carrying to the Kohanim, he may be referring to birds that were not hanging from the baskets. What else might he be referring to?

Mishnah 6

9)
(a) Where is the basket of fruit placed whilst the owner reads the Parshah of Bikurim?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, it remains there until he concludes the Parshah (Tiferes Yisrael). What does R. Yehudah say?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

10)
(a) According to R. Yehudah, the owner then holds the basket at the top. What does the Mishnah say about the Kohen?
(b) How do others explain the sequence of the two pairs of hands?
(c) What was the point of the change (see Tiferes Yisrael)?

11)
(a) What did the owner then do when he finished reading the Parshah?
(b) Where exactly, did he place it?
(c) According to the Mishnah, he only waved the basket once (as the Tiferes Yisrael explained earlier). The Sifri disagrees. What does the Sifri learn from ...
1. ... the Gezeirah-Shavah "ve'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha" and "*Yadav* Tevi'enu es Ishei Hash-m" (in Tzav, in connection with the Korban Shelamim)?
2. ... the Pasuk "ve'Hinachto Lifnei Hash-m Elokecha"?

Mishnah 7

12)
(a) Originally, anyone who knew the Parshah by heart would read it by heart (see Tiferes Yisrael). What did the Kohanim used to do to accommodate those people who did not?
(b) What made them change?
(c) What new procedure did they initiate as a result?
(d) How is this hinted in the Pasuk "ve'Anisa ve'Amarta"?

Mishnah 8

13)
(a) The wealthy owners would bring their Bikurim in boxes overlaid with gold. What about the poor ones?
(b) What happened to the respective containers after the Kohanim had received the Bikurim?
(c) To which famous maxim does this give rise?

Mishnah 9

14)
(a) R. Shimon ben Nannes permits adorning the baskets with fruit not from the seven species. What does R. Akiva say?
(b) What second point do they argue over?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 10

15)
(a) The Mishnah speaks of three levels of Bikurim ... the basic Bikurim, supplementary Bikurim and decorational Bikurim. What do these respective terms mean?
(b) What is the Halachic difference between supplementary Bikurim and decorational Bikurim regarding the way it is ...
1. ... brought?
2. ... eaten?

Mishnah 11

16)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about Tosefes Bikurim that comes from Chutz la'Aretz?
(b) The author of our may be R. Shimon ben Nannes, who permits Itur Bikurim with fruit from Chutz la'Aretz (see Tos. Yom-Tov). How might we establish the Mishnah even according to R. Akiva? Where might the fruit that the Tana is disqualifying from Tosefes Bikurim have grown?

Mishnah 12

17)
(a) The Mishnah now describes in what way Bikurim are the property of the Kohen. We learned (at the beginning of the previous Perek) that he may sell it to another Kohen and purchase with the proceeds whatever he pleases, even Avadim, land and non-Kasher animals. According to the Tana Kama, what will be the Din with regard to a creditor claiming Bikurim for his debt or a woman for her Kesuvah?
(b) Some add to the list a Seifer-Torah. Having permitted purchasing a Beheimah Temei'ah with them, why might we have thought that a Sefer-Torah is forbidden?
(c) Others have the text 'ke'Seifer-Torah'. What does the Tana then mean?

18)
(a) R. Yehudah requires giving Bikurim 'le'Chaver be'Tovah'. What does he mean by that?
(b) Why may he not give them to a Kohen Am ha'Aretz?
(c) What do the Chachamim say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

***** Hadran Alach 'Keitzad Mafrishin ve'Kulhu Masechyasi de'Seder Zera'im' ' *****




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