Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Introduction to Perek Androginus (adapted from the 'Rishon le'Tzi'on'). This Perek does not appear in the Mishnah at all, and it is the S'mag who lists it as the fourth Perek of Bikurim. The problem with this is that he also lists 'Shanu Chachamim' as the sixth Perek of Avos, making a total of 525 chapters of Mishnayos, whereas he himself writes that there are 524 chapters (as hinted in the numerical value of the phrase "al Har Kodshecha"). Consequently, there must be mistake, and either the sixth Perek of Avos or the fourth Perek of Bikurim must be Beraisos, and not Mishnayos.
The Rambam, in his introduction to Seider Zera'im, lists 523 chapters of Mishnayos. In his opinion, Avos comprises five Perakim and Bikurim, three, and both 'Shanu Chachamim' and 'Androginus' are Beraisos.

Mishnah 1 & 2

(a) What is an Androginus?
(b) How many categories of Androginus does the Mishnah list?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he says that he is ...
1. ... 'Metamei be'Loven ka'Anashim'?
2. ... 'Mis'atef ka'Anashim'?
(d) The Tana also permits him to marry like a man, but not to be married like a woman. Why not?

(a) What are the ramifications of the ruling that considers him like a male, regarding Dam Tohar?
(b) What is the Din regarding ...
1. ... Yichud?
2. ... being fed from his father's property after the latter's death, if he left little property?
(c) And what does the Tana say with regard to an Androginus cutting off his Peyos, destroying all five corners of his beard or, if he is Kohen, rendering himself Tamei in the event that one of his relatives dies?
(d) What is the Tana's final case in this category?

Mishnah 3

(a) The Tana now discusses the category of Androginus that considers 'him' a woman. What does he say about an Androginus ...
1. ... who sights blood?
2. ... secluding 'himself' with a man?
3. ... obligating 'his' wife to perform Yibum when 'he' dies?
(b) What about 'him' ...
1. ... sharing 'his' father's inheritance with his brothers?
2. ... eating Kodshei ha'Mikdash (that only Kohanim are permitted to eat)? What is this referring to?
(c) And what does the Tana mean when he says ...
1. ... 've'Imo Yosheves Alav be'Dam Tamei ke'Nashim?
2. ... 've'Im Niv'al ba'Aveirah, Nifsal min ha'Terumah ke'Nashim'?
(d) Why can the Tana not mean that he becomes Pasul irrespective of who the Bo'el is?

Mishnah 4

(a) The Mishnah now discusses the ways in which an Androginus has the dual Din of a man and a woman. What else does the Mishnah mention together with being Chayav to pay for striking 'him'?
(b) What happens to someone who kills 'him'?
(c) What must his mother do when she gives birth to 'him'?

(a) What sort of Kodshim is an Androginus Kohen permitted to eat?
(b) What does the Tana mean when he says that he 'inherits all sorts of inheritances'?
(c) Seeing as he is the only heir, why might we have thought otherwise?

Mishnah 5

(a) Finally, the Mishnah discusses the ways in which an Androginus is similar to neither a man nor a woman. What are the ramifications of this with regard to ...
1. ... Terumah (or Kodshim)?
2. ... his entering the Beis-Hamikdash when he is Tamei?
(b) What will be the Din if he sees both blood and semen at the same time, with regard to ...
1. ... burning the Terumah that 'he' touches when he is Tamei?
2. ... bringing a Korban if he then enters the Beis-Hamikdash?
(c) What does the Tana say regarding ...
1. ... selling him as an Eved Ivri or as an Amah ha'Ivri'ah?
2. ... assessing his Erech (should someone declare 'Erech P'loni' Alai' or if he declares 'Erki Alai')?
(d) Why can he not be ...
1. ... sold as an Eved Ivri?
2. ... sold as an Amah Ivriyah?
3. ... assessed regarding Erchin?

(a) What will be the Din if someone points to him and declares that he will be a Nazir if 'he' is not a man or if he is not a woman?
(b) What does R. Yossi say about ...
1. ... an Androginus?
2. ... a Tumtum? What is a Tumtum?

*** Hadran Alach 'Androginus' ***

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