Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Rebbi placed Chalah after Ma'aser Sheni, says the Rambam, because after taking all the Ma'asros from the crops, one grinds them into flour, and it is after one has kneaded the flour to form a dough that one becomes Chayav to separate Chalah.

Mishnah 1

(a) Which five species of grain are subject to Chalah?
(b) The source for this is a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from "Lechem" "Lechem" from Matzah. How do we know that the Mitzvah of Matzah is confined to these five species?

(a) What does the Tana mean when he says that the five species combine with each other to make up the Shi'ur Chalah?
(b) With what does a. spelt, b. oats and rye combine?
(c) Under which circumstances will all the species combine with each other, according to the Yerushalmi?

(a) From where do we learn that the five species are subject to Chadash?
(b) Which other prohibition applies to them simultaneously?
(c) Under which circumstances will they become permitted by the Omer?
(d) What happens to them otherwise?
(e) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Reishis Ketzirchem" from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from "Reishis Arisoseichem" (from Chalah)?
2. ... (in Mishpatim, in connection with Bikurim) "Asher Tizra ba'Sadeh"?

Mishnah 2

(a) The Mishnah rules that the five species of grain are subject to the Mitzvah of Matzah and the Isur of Chametz. From where do we learn the former?
(b) What does the Tana say about a mixture of Chametz (such as a Babylonian Kutach (a condiment) of Median beer) containing one of the above?
(c) According to Rebbi Meir, a Neder not to eat bread or produce incorporates the five species. What about a Neder not to eat Dagan (corn [see Tiferes Yisrael])?
(d) What do the Chachamim say?
(e) Which Mitzvah besides Ma'asros, is confined to the five species of grains?

Mishnah 3

(a) Leket, Shikchah, Pe'ah and Hefker (see Tiferes Yisrael) are included in a list of things that are Chayav Chalah, but Patur from Ma'asros. How do we learn the latter ruling from the Pasuk in Re'ei "u'Ba ha'Levi, ki Ein Lo Cheilek ve'Nachalah Imach"?
(b) What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... Ma'aser Rishon?
2. ... Ma'aser Sheni and Hekdesh?
(c) The list also includes Mosar ha'Omer. What is 'Mosar ha'Omer'?
(d) Why is it Chayav Chalah?
(e) Then why is it Patur from Ma'asros?

(a) What is the final item in the Tana Kama's list?
(b) How do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (in connection with produce that has not grown a third) "Tevu'as Zar'echa"?
(c) Then why is it Chayav Chalah?
(d) And what does Rebbi Eliezer learn from the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with Chalah) "ki'Serumas Goren Kein Tarimu Osah"?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 4

(a) The Mishnah lists rice, millet, poppy-seeds (known as Man) and legumes. What do they all have in common?
(b) And what do less than five Reva'im of produce, Sufganin (bread that is made from a dough that is soft like a sponge), Duvshanin (bread that is fried with [or kneaded in] honey), and Isk'ritin (dough that is extremely soft) have in common?
(c) What is the alternative interpretation of 'Sufganin'?
(d) The last two items listed in the Mishnah are Chalas Hamashreis and Meduma. What is ...
1. ... 'Chalas Hamashreis'?
2. ... 'Meduma'?
(e) From where do we know that the latter is Patur from Chalah?

Mishnah 5

(a) On what condition are Sufganim Patur from Chalah?
(b) What is the definition of ...
1. ... 'Sofah Sufganin'?
2. ... 'Sofah Isah'?
(c) The Tana incorporates K'nuvka'os in the list of things that are Chayav Chalah. What are 'K'nuvka'os'?

Mishnah 6

(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over a Me'isah and a Chalitah. What is the difference between the two?
(b) Beis Shamai exempt a Me'isah from Chalah. What do Beis Hillel say?
(c) According to our Mishnah, what does each one hold with regard to a Chalitah?
(d) What does the Gemara comment on these two seemingly contradictory Machlokos?
(e) What is the Halachah regarding both Me'isah and Chalitah?

(a) The Tana then discusses Chalos Todah and Rekikei Nazir. Under which circumstances are they ...
1. ... Patur from Chalah?
2. ... Chayav Chalah?
(b) Why is that?

Mishnah 7

What does the Mishnah say about ...
1. ... a baker who prepares a large yeast to break up and sell to many purchasers?
2. ... a syndicate of women who give their individual ingredients to a baker to prepare for them doughs?

Mishnah 8

(a) What does a dog's dough comprise?
(b) On what condition is it Chayav Chalah?
(c) It can then be used for an Eiruv, too. Which kind of Eruv?
(d) What does 'u'Mishtatfin Bah' mean?

(a) One also recites 'Hamotzi' over it. Is it subject to 'Mezuman' if three people ate together?
(b) Besides permitting its baking on Yom-Tov, what final ruling does the Tana issue regarding Isas ha'Kelavim from which the shepherds partake too?
(c) If the shepherds do not partake of it?
(d) How do we learn this from the Pasuk "Reishis Arisoseichem"?

(a) Which is the only ruling that pertains to it, irrespective of whether the shepherds partake of it or not?
(b) At which stage is a spoilt food no longer subject to Tum'as Ochlin?

Mishnah 9

(a) What punishment does a Zar who eats Terumah and one who eats Chalah share?
(b) When do they then pay a Chomesh? To whom must they give it?
(c) Following the two previous rulings, why might the Tana find it necessary to continue 'va'Asurim le'Zarim'?
(d) What does the Tana mean when he says 've'Hein Nechsei Kohen'?

(a) Into how much must they fall in order to become Batel?
(b) What is the significance of the Tana's statement 'u'Te'unin Rechitzas Yadayim'? Why is that?
(c) At which stage does a Tamei Kohen become permitted to eat them?

(a) On what grounds does the Tana forbid separating Tahor Terumah and Chalah to cover Tamei Tevel?
(b) Both Terumah and Chalah are subject to 'Gemar Melachah'. What is the Gemar Melachah of Chalah?
(c) What final ruling does the Tana learn from the Pasuk "*Reishis* Arisoseichem" (regarding both Chalah and Terumah)?
(d) From where do we learn that Chalah has the Din of Terumah (and in the final ruling, vice-versa)?

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