Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) The Mishnah discusses two doughs, each comprising a Kav, which touch. In which case will they not combine (to be Chayav Chalah), even assuming they ...
1. ... are of the same kind?
2. ... belong to the same woman?
(b) Why, in the former case, do the two not combine ...
1. ... (in this case, even though they would, if they belonged to the same woman)?
2. ... even if they have been kneaded together?
(c) In which respect is this Mishnah not Halachah?

Mishnah 2

(a) Which of the five species of grain will combine with a ...
1. ... wheat dough (to make up the Shi'ur that is Chayav Chalah)?
2. ... barley dough?
(b) What does R. Yochanan ben Nuri say about doughs of spelt, rye and oats ?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 3

(a) What does the Mishnah say about two independent Kabin of dough (of wheat, say), which are joined by ...
1. ... a rice dough (in the middle which sticks to them?
2. ... a Terumah dough?
3. ... a wheat dough whose Chalah has already been taken?

Mishnah 4 & 5

(a) Is one permitted to separate from a dough made from this year's crops to cover a dough made from last year's crops, or vice-versa?
(b) What does R. Yishmael therefore suggest one does if one has two such doughs, each comprising one Kav that stuck together?
(c) What do the Chachamim say? Why is that?

(a) According to R. Akiva, if someone takes Chalah from a Kav, his Chalah is valid? On what condition does he say this?
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(c) And what do R. Akiva and the Chachamim respectively, say if the owner took Chalah from each of the two Kabin and then combined them?

Mishnah 6

(a) What does the Mishnah permit someone who intends to knead a number of doughs from Tamei Demai, to do?
(b) For how long is he permitted to use the Tahor dough?
(c) Why does the Tana permit taking Chalah from Tahor dough to cover a Tamei one?
(d) Do the doughs need to be min ha'Mukaf (next to each other) whilst the Chalah is being taken?
(e) Which other concession have the Chachamim made in this case?

(a) What is the case? How does someone come to have Chalah of Demai in his possession?
(b) How come that he is taking Chalah without having separated the required Ma'asros?

Mishnah 7

(a) The Mishnah now discusses Yisre'eilim who are working as Arisim in Syria. On what basis does R. Eliezer declare their fruit subject to Ma'asros and Shevi'is?
(b) What does Raban Gamliel say? Under which circumstances will he concede to R. Eliezer?

(a) Why does Raban Gamliel obligate separating Chalah twice in Syria?
(b) What does R. Eliezer say?
(c) How did they initially rule regarding the two current issues?
(d) What is the problem with that?
(e) What is the final ruling?

Mishnah 8

(a) Raban Gamliel lists three areas regarding Chalah. What did he say about 'from Eretz Yisrael until Keziv (known as Achziv)'.
(b) Where is Keziv? What is the significance of Keziv in this regard?
(c) The second area is from Keziv until the River (Shichar [Tiferes Yisrael] and until Amanah. In which direction are these two situated vis-a-vis Keziv?
(d) What status do they have?
(e) Why do they not automatically have the status of Eretz Yisrael, seeing as the Olei Mitzrayim captured them?

(a) Why must the first of the two Chalos that the owner separates be burned?
(b) Why did the Chachamim institute the second Chalah must be eaten? What might people have thought if they hadn't?
(c) Why is that?
(d) So what does giving the second Chalah achieve?

(a) The first of the above Chalos requires a Shi'ur. What is the Shi'ur?
(b) Why does the first of the above Chalos require a Shi'ur Chalah, but not the second?
(c) Why does the area from the River Shichar till Amanah and beyond have the status of Chutz la'Aretz?

(a) Seeing as the third area, like the second, requires separating two Chalos, what is the basic difference between the two?
(b) Assuming that the Chalah shel Or is the main one, what is the reason for the second Chalah?
(c) Then why did the Chachamim ascribe a Shi'ur to it rather than to the Chalah shel Or?

(a) The Chalah shel Or however, may be eaten by a Kohen Tevul Yom. What is the definition of a Tevul-Yom in this case?
(b) What is the reason for this leniency? To whom did the Chachamim confine the Isur of eating Chalas Chutz la'Aretz?
(c) In that case, what is the significance of the Chalas ha'Or mentioned by the Tana?
(d) And what sort of Kohen eats the second Chalah?

(a) Rebbi Yossi is more lenient than the Tana Kama? Like whom is the Halachah?
(b) The Mishnah continues 'va'Asurah le'Zavim u'le'Zavos'. Which two other Tum'os does the Tana add to the list?
(c) Who is the author of this ruling?
(d) Which additional leniency does the Tana add regarding ...
1. ... together with whom it may be eaten?
2. ... which Kohen one may give it?
(e) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim " ... Laseis M'nas ha'Kohanim ve'ha'Levi'im Lema'an Yechezku be'Toras Hash-m"?

Mishnah 9

(a) The Mishnah permits giving ...
1. ... Charamim, Bechoros, Pidyon ha'Ben and Pidyon Peter Chamor to any Kohen. What sort of Kohen does this come to include?
(b) What does the Tana rule with regard to ...
1. ... Zero'a, Lechayayim and Keivah, Reishis ha'Gez and Shemen Sereifah?
2. ... Kodshei Hamikdash and Bikurim?
(c) What are 'Charamim' and 'Shemen Sereifah' respectively?
(d) Why does the Tana present 'Bechoros' in the plural?

(a) Why does he omit Terumah, Terumas Ma'aser and Chalah?
(b) What Is the reason for this distinction?

(a) Why did Rebbi Yehudah add Bikurim to this list?
(b) R. Akiva includes Karshinei Terumah (horse-beans, which is a type of animal fodder and is not considered a food) in the earlier list. What do the say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(d) What is the Halachah regarding ...
1. ... Bikurim?
2. ... Karshinei Terumah?

Mishnah 10

(a) What did Nitai Ish Tako'a do with the Chalos that he brought from Beitar to Eretz Yisrael? Where was Beitar?
(b) Why could they not be ...
1. ... eaten?
2. ... burned immediately?
3. ... taken back to Chutz la'Aretz?
(c) What happened to ...
1. ... the Chalos that the men of Alexandria brought to Eretz Yisrael?
2. ... the Bikurim that the men of Tzevu'im brought to the Beis-Hamikdash before Shavu'os?
(d) Why was that?

Mishnah 11

(a) What happened with the Bechoros that ben Antinus brought from Bavel to the Beis-Hamikdash?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Achalta Lifnei Hash-m ... Ma'asar Degancha ... u'Vechoros Bekorcha ... "?
(c) Why did they turn Yosef ha'Kohen back when he brought ...
1. ... ready-made wine to the Beis-Hamikdash as Bikurim?
2. ... his young sons to Yerushalayim to bring Pesach Sheni on the fourteenth of Iyar?
(d) Why did they not accept them anyway, since there is no harm in bringing a voluntary Shelamim?

(a) Why did the Kohanim accept the Bikurim that Ariston brought from Apamya? Where is Apamya?
(b) What did the Chachamim say about someone who purchases something in Syria? What does 'Parvar Yerushalayim' mean?
(c) Why would they not have accepted Terumah, had he brought that from Syria (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?

*** Hadran Alach 'Sh'tei Nashim' u'Selika Lah Maseches Chalah ***

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