Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah permit one to eat fruit that one receives as a gift from an Am-ha'Aretz in the market-place?
(b) Why do we not apply the Halachah that a sale fixes fruit for Ma'asros?
(c) What will one therefore need to do the moment one takes the fruit into one's house?

(a) What does the Mishnah rule in a case where the Am ha'Aretz tells the Chaver to take the fruit home?
(b) What status will the fruit then have when he arrives home with it?
(c) What does this mean in practical terms? What will the Chaver be obligated to do with it?
(d) The earlier ruling only applies if the Am ha'Aretz gave the Chaver a small amount, the latter normally eats in the market and where the fruit is ready to eat immediately. What if one of these conditions is missing?

Mishnah 2

(a) What does the Tana say in a case where the Am ha'Aretz makes the same offer to ...
1. ... people sitting at the entrance of a store or a gateway to a Chatzer near where his fruit are lying in the market-place (see Tos. Yom-Tov citing the Rambam)?
2. ... the actual owner of the store or of the Chatzer (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) Why does the Tana Kama differentiate between the two cases?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees. On what basis does he equate the Din regarding the storekeeper?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 3

(a) Up to which point does the Mishnah permit a person who is taking fruit from the Galil to Yehudah to sell there, to eat from it?
(b) And what does the Tana say in the event that the owner changes his mind and decides to go back to the Galilee, before having sold it?
(c) Rebbi Meir is more strict than the Tana Kama. What does he say?
(d) The Tana Kama permits peddlers who travel from town to town selling their trinkets, to eat their fruit without having to Ma'aser it, until they reach the guest house where they are staying. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 4

(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, one is forbidden to eat fruit that has been Ma'asered before it has reached the stage of Ma'asros. Why is that?
(b) In which solitary case do the Chachamim agree with Rebbi Eliezer?
(c) Why is that?
(d) What does Rebbi Shimon say?

Mishnah 5

(a) In a case where Reuven gives Shimon an Isar in exchange for five figs, Rebbi Meir forbids him to eat them. Why is that?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(c) Under what condition does ...
1. ... he concede that Reuven must Ma'aser them first?
2. ... Rebbi Meir concede that Reuven is permitted to eat them without Ma'asering them first?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah supports his opinion with an ongoing situation in the rose-garden in Yerushalayim. What happened there?
(b) At what price were the figs sold there?
(c) How did he know that it was the seller who picked the figs and not the purchaser?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 6

(a) The Mishnah now discusses a case where Reuven gives Shimon an Isar in exchange for ten figs that he now intends to pick from Shimon's tree. Under what circumstances does the Tana permit Reuven to eat from the figs that he now picks, without giving Ma'asros?
(b) And what does the Tana say in the equivalent case, only where Reuven purchased a bunch of grapes, the pomegranate or the watermelon that he intends to pick?
(c) Why then, is he permitted to eat them as normal, should he merely add the word 'these' (figs, bunches of grapes, pomegranates or watermelons)?

Mishnah 7

(a) The Mishnah refers to a case where the owner hires a laborer to help him spread out in the field the figs that he cuts. What else might 'Lekatzos ba'Te'einim' mean?
(b) If the laborer stipulates that, in lieu of his wages, he should be allowed to eat as he works, the Tana permits him to eat figs without having to Ma'aser them. Why would we have thought that he is forbidden to do so?
(c) Then why isn't he?
(d) What will be the Din if he stipulates that ...
1. ... his wife should be allowed to eat too, or his son, in lieu of his wages (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
2. ... he should be allowed to eat after he has finished working as well?

(a) What principle does our Mishnah conclude with?
(b) A worker eats min ha'Torah in one of two cases. One of them is when he works with fruit that is attached to the ground at the time of 'Gemar Melachah. What is the other?

Mishnah 8

(a) What does the Mishnah say about a laborer eating good-quality figs (Benos-Sheva) whilst he is working with poor-quality ones (Levasim)?
(b) What does the Tana permit him to do, should he be eager to eat from the Benos Sheva?

(a) If Reuven stipulates with Shimon that he will eat from the figs with which Shimon is working and Shimon will eat from his, they are forbidden to eat figs without first Ma'asering them. Why is that?
(b) The Tana issues the same ruling with regard to 'Zeh Lik'tzos, ve'Zeh Lik'tzos' or 'Zeh Le'echol ve'Zeh Lik'tzos'. What does this mean?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah argues by 'Lik'tzos'. Why is that?
(d) Like whom do we rule?

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