REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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MA'ASROS PEREK 3

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) In a case where someone is carrying his figs through his Chatzer to the place where he intends to make Ketzi'os, his wife and children are permitted to eat without taking Ma'asros. Why does Chatzer not fix the figs for Ma'asros?
(b) Then why is the owner himself forbidden to eat from them?
(c) Why does this reason not extend to his wife and children?

2)
(a) Why are the laborers who are transporting the figs together with him ...
1. ... not allowed to eat automatically?
2. ... permitted to eat if he did not undertake to feed them?
3. ... forbidden to eat if he did?
(b) We do not say here (like we did earlier) that they rely on the owner - because a purchaser is always ready to eat his purchase immediately, in which case it is considered Nigmerah Melachto (see Tos, Yom-Tov and Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 2

3)
(a) The Mishnah discusses a case where laborers are taken out to the field, and the owner permits them to eat (which they are not working with). Under which circumstances are they permitted to eat from the fruit without having to Ma'aser it?
(b) What will be the Din if he did undertake to feed them?

Mishnah 3

4)
(a) What would be the Din in a case where someone hired a laborer to pick olives and stipulated that his wages constituted the olives that he ate? Would he be permitted to eat olives without Ma'asering them?
(b) Then why does the Mishnah restrict him to eating them one at a time?
(c) What is the significance of eating the fruit one at a time? What difference does it make whether he eats one or whether he picks a few and eats them?
(d) And what does the Tana say about a laborer who is hired to weed a vegetable garden?

Mishnah 4

5)
(a) The Mishnah permits taking Ketzitzos (or Ketzi'os) that one finds on a path running beside a field of fig-trees and eating them. What are 'Ketzitzos' (see Tiferes Yisrael).
(b) Why is there no question of Gezel - because the owner has given up hope of retrieving them, and they are Hefker.
(c) Is the finder Chayav to Ma'aser them first?
(d) Will this Din extend to a field of Ketzi'os?

6)
(a) What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... figs that one finds underneath a fig-tree that is leaning over into the street?
2. ... olives and carobs that one finds under the same circumstances?
(b) Why the difference?
(c) Under which circumstances does the Tana obligate someone who finds dried figs to Ma'aser them before eating them?

7)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who finds a piece broken off from a cake of figs?
(b) Why do we not assume that the owner must have Ma'asered it (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(c) Before taking one's carobs up on to the roof, the owner is allowed to eat them Arai. Why is that?
(d) Why does the Tana ...
1. ... forbid him to take carobs elsewhere and eat them (even Achilas Arai)?
2. ... then permit him to bring them to his animals to eat (even Achilas K'va)?

Mishnah 5

8)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses which type of Chatzer fixes for Ma'asros. According to Rebbi Yishmael, it is a Chatzer Tzuris. What is a 'Chatzer Tzuris'?
(b) Under what condition does Rebbi Akiva preclude a Chatzer that is owned by two people from the Din of a Chatzer?
(c) What does Rebbi Nechemyah require people in the Chatzer to do to be considered a Chatzer in this regard?
(d) According to Rebbi Yossi, a Chatzer where a stranger is able to walk around without being challenged does not fix for Ma'asros. What does Rebbi Yehudah say about a Chatzer within a Chatzer? Why is that?
(e) Like whom do we rule?

Mishnah 6 & 7

9)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about fruit that the owner placed in a Tzerif? What is a Tzerif?
(b) And the same applies, says the Tana, to fruit that he placed in a Burgan, an Alketi'a or a Succas Ginusar. Alketi'os are summer huts. What are ...
1. ... Barganin?
2 ... Succos Ginusar?
(c) Why would we have thought that the latter might fix the fruit for Ma'asros?

10)
(a) Succas ha'Yotzrim (a potter's hut) actually comprised two huts. What were they used for?
(b) Which one fixes for Ma'asros and which one does not?
(c) Based on his own principle, Rebbi Yossi disagrees with the previous ruling. What is his principle?
(d) With which point does he therefore disagree?

11)
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, a Succah on Succos fixes fruit for Ma'asros. Why is that?
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?

Mishnah 8

12)
(a) The Tana Kama permits eating from a fig-tree that is growing in a Chatzer one at a time. Why is that?
(b) Rebbi Shimon is more lenient. What does he say?
(c) What does the Tana permit a laborer picking figs at the top of the tree to do?

Mishnah 9

13)
(a) Regarding fruit-trees growing in a Chatzer, Rebbi Akiva permits a laborer only to eat one grape, one pomegranate pit or one sliver at a time (like we learned in the second Perek with regard to a sale). What does Rebbi Tarfon say?
(b) What does Rebbi Akiva say about a worker eating from a coriander plant that is growing in a Chatzer?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about the plants Sa'ah (wild rosemary), Eizov (hyssop) and Kurnis, all of which tend to grow wild?

Mishnah 10

14)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a laborer eating from the branch of a fig-tree which protrudes into ...
1. ... the garden, even though the trunk grows in the garden?
2. ... the Chatzer, even though the trunk grows in the garden?
3. ... Chutz la'Aretz, but whose trunk grows in Eretz Yisrael, or vice-versa (to determine whether the tree is subject to Ma'asros or not)?
(b) What is the reason for the latter ruling?
(c) And what does the Tana say about the branch of a tree that grows over the wall of a walled city, even though the tree is growing inside the city? For how long is the owner who sold it permitted to redeem it?

15)
(a) What does the Tana mean when he states that regarding Arei Miklat, everything goes after the branch?
(b) Why can we not extrapolate from here that, in the reverse case, where the 'murderer' had reached the branch of the tree that was outside, the Go'el would be permitted to kill him even though the trunk was inside?
(c) And what does the Tana finally say in connection with Ma'aser Sheni, about a tree in Yerushalayim, whose branch protrudes over the outer wall, or vice-versa?
(d) The ramifications of this ruling with regard to a tree that grows ...
1. ... outside, but whose branch is inside?
2. ... inside, but whose branch is outside?

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