Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who ...
1. ... pickles, cooks well or salts vegetables or olives that are still in the field?
2. ... hides not fully ripe vegetables or olives in the ground (to fully ripen)?
3. ... dips vegetables or olives in salt before eating them?
(b) So we see that fire and salt (and pickling [see Tos. Yom-Tov]) fix for Ma'asros. What are the other four things that fix for Ma'asros?
(c) Do olives require Ma'asering after the owner ...
1. ... has squashed them to make them sweet?
2. ... has squeezed some of the oil on to his skin (to anoint it)?
3. ... has squeezed some of the oil into the palm of his hand?

(a) Finally, the Mishnah discusses 'Makpeh' (with regard to grapes). What does 'Makpeh' mean?
(b) What does the Tana rule in a case where the owner does this to the grapes after they have been ...
1. ... added to a dish that is ready to be cooked?
2. ... placed in an otherwise empty dish?
(c) In the fore-last case, why must the dish be as yet uncooked?

Mishnah 2

(a) What does the Mishnah say about children who put away figs for Shabbos and forgot to Ma'aser them first?
(b) Why must the Tana be speaking when they did this in the field?
(c) What is he coming to teach us?
(d) Why are the figs forbidden even after Shabbos?

(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether one may eat Kalkeles Shabbos without Ma'asering (Beis Shamai) or not (Beis-Hillel). What is 'Kalkeles Shabbos'?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about someone who picks a basketful of figs to send to his friend?
(c) Why is that?

Mishnah 3

(a) The Mishnah discusses olives that have been removed from the Ma'atan. What is a 'Ma'atan'?
(b) What does the Tana rule with regard to salting and eating them?
(c) Rebbi Eliezer concurs with this ruling with regard to a Tamei person taking from a Tahor Ma'atan. What is his reasoning?
(d) What does he therefore say about the same case (see Tos, Yom-Tov) but where the Ma'atan is Tamei?

Mishnah 4

(a) Rebbi Meir permits drinking directly from the wine-press irrespective of whether he dilutes the wine with hot or cold water. Why are we not afraid that he will take the wine away and drink it elsewhere?
(b) Why does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok forbid it even if one dilutes it with cold water?
(c) What do the Chachamim say?
(d) What is the reason for this distinction?

Mishnah 5

(a) On what condition does the Mishnah permit peeling barley and eating it without Ma'asering it?
(b) Under what circumstances may one peel as many as one wants and eat them?
(c) The Tana permits however, Molel Melilos of wheat. What is 'Molel Melilos'?

(a) In what way is wheat more lenient than barley (see Tiferes Yisrael)
(b) How does he then get rid of the husks before eating the kernels?
(c) What is he not permitted to do before eating them?

(a) What does the Mishnah say about coriander seeds that one planted for ...
1. ... their seeds, but which actually grew into vegetables? Are they then Chayav Ma'asros?
2. ... their vegetables, if he then harvested them a. as vegetables, b. as seeds?
(b) Why the difference?
(c) What does Rebbi Elazar mean when in addition to the two above types of harvest, he adds 'Zirin' to aniseed seeds? What did he have in mind when he planted it (to be Chayav in whichever way he harvests it)?
(d) The Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Elazar. What do they say about cress and 'Gargir' (the garden-rocket plant)?

(a) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel rules - that the branches (or the berries) of the fenugreek, mustard and white-bean plants? What do they have in common?
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the caper-bush fruit is subject to Ma'asros on three fronts the Temaros, the Evyonos and the Kapras. What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'Evyonos'?
2. ... 'Kapras'?
(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

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