Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who ...
1. ... uproots his young fruit-trees or vegetables (see Tos. Yom-Tov) and replants them in one's own field (to increase their size)? What if he transports them via his house?
2. ... purchases trees that are still attached to the ground?
(b) What is the reason for these two rulings?

(a) The Tana Kama exempts the fruit of saplings that one uprooted to send to one's friend. Why is that (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya say?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 2

(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who uproots turnips or radishes from his own vegetable garden and replants them for their seeds?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...
1. ... Bechukosai "mi'Zera ha'Aretz"?
2. ... Shemini "al Kol Zera Zeru'a Asher Yiza're'a"?
(c) Based on the latter Limud, when do Tamei onions that have been replanted on the roof become Tahor?
(d) What Din do they have as regards Ma'asros, Shevi'is (and Shabbos [see Tos. Yom-Tov])?

(a) And what does the Tana say about onions growing in a field, on which a ruin fell, but whose leaves are still visible?
(b) What are the ramifications of this ruling with regard to ...
1. ... Shabbos?
2. ... Shevi'is?
3. ... Ma'asros?

Mishnah 3

(a) What does the Mishnah say about selling one's fruit ...
1. ... once it attains the stage of Ma'asros (even if it is still attached to the ground)?
2. ... during the Shemitah-year?
(b) What is the reasons for these rulings?
(c) And what does the Tana say one should do if some of the crops ripened early?

Mishnah 4

(a) The Mishnah now talks about selling one's straw (the threshed corn), Gefes and Zagin. What are 'Gefes and Zagin' respectively?
(b) Why should anybody want to purchase ...
1. ... straw?
2. ... 'Gefes and Zagin'?
(c) What does the Tana say about them?

(a) What does the Tana say in the event that one produces grains, oil or wine from the above with regard to Terumos and Ma'asros?
(b) On what grounds is he Patur from Terumah?

Mishnah 5

(a) The Mishnah now discusses someone who buys a vegetable-field from a Nochri in Syria. What is the significance of 'Syria'? What does it incorporate?
(b) What does the Tana now say about this case? Under which circumstances does the Tana obligate one to Ma'aser the vegetables, and under which circumstances does he exempt him from doing so?
(c) In the latter case he may pick vegetables and eat them without any restrictions. What does the Tana Kama nevertheless forbid him to do?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah say in the current case?
(b) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(c) In which case does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel permit eating without having to Ma'aser even if the purchase took place before the vegetables attained the stage of Ma'asros?
(d) Rebbi obligates the purchaser to Ma'aser the vegetables according to the 'Cheshbon'. What does he mean? Whose opinion is he disputing?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 6

(a) The Mishnah now discusses Metamed (in respect of wine). What is 'Metamed'?
(b) What does the Tana Kama say about someone who is 'Metamed be'Midah' on dregs and finds wine 'be'Midah'?
(c) Assuming that the first 'be'Midah' means three jars of water, what does the second 'be'Midah' mean?
(d) Why do we not contend with the fact that the dregs add taste to the water?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) What is Rebbi Yehudah's reason?
(c) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Motzi Alav mi'Makom Acher L'fi ha'Cheshbon'? Is this an obligation?
(d) What is the Tana then coming to teach us?

Mishnah 7

(a) What does the Mishnah say about kernels that one finds in ant-holes beside a pile of corn that is Chayav Ma'asros?
(b) Why is that?

Mishnah 8

(a) The Mishnah lists garlic of Ba'al B'chi, onions of Rachpa, beans of Kilki and Egyptian lentils. What, besides the name of a place, might 'Shum 'Ba'al B'chi' mean?
(b) What is unusual about ...
1. ... the Kilki'an bean?
2. ... the Egyptian lentil?
(c) What two rulings does the Tana issue with regard to all of the above species?
(d) What is the reason for these rulings?

(a) Rebbi Meir adds to the list, Karkas (a species of cabbage), and Rebbi Yossi, Kotnim (a species of lentils). Like whom is the Halachah?
(b) The Tana also exempts the seeds of Loof ha'Elyon (but S'tam Loof has the Din of a regular vegetable), cress, onions, turnips and radishes from Ma'asros, and permits purchasing them from anyone in the Shemitah- year. What is 'Loof'?
(c) What is another name for 'Loof he'Elyon'?
(d) How does the Rambam translate 'Zera Loof ha'Elyon'?

(a) All of these belong to a category of seeds, which is entirely Patur from Ma'asros. Which category? Why is it Patur from Ma'asros?
(b) Why would we otherwise have thought that they are Chayav?

****Hadran Alach 'ha'Oker', u'Selika Lah Maseches Ma'asros ****

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