REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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MA'ASER SHENI PEREK 1

Ma'aser Sheni follows Ma'aser Rishon, the Rambam explains, according to their order of importance (based on the order in which they are separated).

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah forbid selling Ma'aser Sheni outside Yerushalayim, even on condition that the purchaser takes the fruit to Yerushalayim?
(b) Who must the author then be?
(c) Why may Beis-Din not take Ma'aser Sheni as a security, nor may the owner give it as a security against payment for goods or against a loan (Sh'nos Eliyahu. See also Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(d) And what does the Tana say about swapping Ma'aser Sheni for Chulin or using a Ma'aser Sheni coin as a weight?
(e) What is the reason for the latter ruling?

2)
(a) The Tana now forbids someone who has Ma'aser Sheni wine in Yerushalayim itself, to swap wine for oil or vice-versa. Having already taught us this with regard to Ma'aser Sheni outside Yerushalayim, why does he need to repeat it with regard to Ma'aser Sheni in Yerushalayim?
(b) And what is the Tana referring to when he extends the prohibition to other fruit? Which kind of fruit is he referring to?
(c) What about inviting someone to one's house to a meal consisting of Ma'aser Sheni?
(d) May one give it to a friend as a gift?

Mishnah 2

3)
(a) What do we learn from the Gezeirah Shavah "Lo Yimacher ve'Lo Yiga'el" (by Charamim) "Lo Yiga'el" (by Ma'aser Behemah)?
(b) Is there any difference as to whether the Ma'aser Behemah animal is alive or Shechted, unblemished or blemished?
(c) Then why does the Tana say 'Tamim Chai'?
(d) What does one do with the Basar of a Ma'aser Behemah ...
1. ... Tamim Shachut?
2. ... Ba'al-Mum Shachut?

4)
(a) Is one permitted to betroth a woman with ...
1. ... a Ma'aser Behemah animal?
2. ... a Bechor?
(b) And what does the Mishnah say about selling a Bechor that is ...
1. ... alive and unblemished?
2. ... blemished, either alive or Shachut?
(c) What basic principle governs the distinctions between Bechor and Ma'aser Behemah?
(d) Which is the sole case where the Din of a Bechor is the equivalent to that of Ma'aser Behemah?

5)
(a) What sort of coin does is needed to redeem Ma'aser-Sheni?
(b) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Re'eh ...
1. ... "ve'Tzarta ha'Kesef be'Yadcha"?
2. ... "ve'Nasata ha'Kesef be'Chol Asher Te'aveh Nafshecha"?
(c) What is the Tana referring to when he concludes that one may not redeem with money that is not in one's possession?

Mishnah 3

6)
(a) What is the ideal thing to do with one's Ma'aser Sheni money in Yerushalayim?
(b) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Sham" "Sham" from Har Gerizim and Har Eival?
(c) What does the Tana say about the skin of a Shelamim animal or of a Chayah that one purchased with Ma'aser Sheni money?
(d) What is he coming to teach is? What might we otherwise have thought?

7)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about closed barrels of wine that one purchased with Ma'aser Sheni money?
(b) Under which circumstances will neither the skin of the Shelamim nor the barrel in which the wine is sold go out to Chulin? Why is that?
(c) And what about the shells of nuts and almonds that one purchased with Ma'aser Sheni money?
(d) Why can one not purchase Temed before it has turned sour and become vinegar?

Mishnah 4

8)
(a) What does the Torah say about purchasing Chulin animals with Ma'aser Sheni money?
(b) Why did the Chachamim then forbid it?
(c) What happens if someone uses Ma'aser Sheni money to purchase a Chayah as a Shelamim or a Behemah as Chulin?
(d) What does the Tana then mean when he says 'Lo Yatza ha'Or le'Chulin'?

9)
(a) And what does the Mishnah say about someone who purchases ...
1. ... open or closed barrels of wine where one generally sells them open?
2. ... baskets of olives or grapes where one generally sells the basket together with the fruit?

Mishnah 5

10)
(a) Which basic principle do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'eh "ve'Nasata ha'Kesef be'Chol Asher Te'aveh Nafshecha, ba'Bakar, ba'Tzon, ba'Yayin u'va'Sheichar u've'Chol Ashar Tish'alcha Nafshecha"?
(b) How does this preclude water and salt?
(c) We also learn from here that there are times that one cannot even purchase fruit either, such as fruit that is attached. Under which circumstances may one not purchase even fruit that is detached from the ground?
(d) In the event that one does purchase any of the above, what is the status of ...
1. ... the fruit?
2. ... the money?

11)
(a) What happens in a case where someone purchases fruit with Ma'aser Sheni money outside Yerushalayim be'Shogeg? What does 'be'Shogeg' mean?
(b) What will be the Din in the equivalent case, but where he purchased the fruit be'Meizid ...
1. ... when the Beis-Hamikdash is standing?
2. ... nowadays, when there is no Beis-Hamikdash?
(c) Why can he not redeem the fruit with money?

Mishnah 6

12)
What happens in a case where someone purchases an animal with Ma'aser Sheni money ...
1. ... outside Yerushalayim be'Shogeg
2. ... be'Meizid when the Beis-Hamikdash is standing?
3. ... nowadays, when there is no Beis-Hamikdash?

Mishnah 7

13)
(a) Why does the Mishnah prohibit using Ma'aser Sheni money to purchase Avadim, Shefachos, Karka'os and Behemah Temei'ah?
(b) What must one do if one nevertheless did?
(c) Why does the Tana not simply declare the sale invalid (like it did in Mishnah 5)?

14)
(a) The Tana forbids using Ma'aser Sheni money to purchase Kinei Zavin ve'Kinei Yoldos, Chata'os and Ashamos. What do Kinei Zavin ve'Kinei Yoldos comprise?
(b) On what grounds does the Tana forbid it?
(c) What about Olos?

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