REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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MA'ASER SHENI PEREK 3

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) Assuming that Reuven has too much Ma'aser Sheni fruit to carry himself to Yerushalayim, what is wrong with him saying to Shimon 'Take this Ma'aser Sheni fruit to Yerushalayim and keep some of it for yourself'?
(b) Then what should he have said under the circumstances?
(c) Would Reuven be permitted to give Shimon a gift of Ma'aser Sheni fruit once they arrive in Yerushalayim?

Mishnah 2

2)
(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah forbid a Kohen to purchase Terumah with Ma'aser Sheni money in Yerushalayim?
(b) Why does Rebbi Shimon permit it?
(c) What proof does Rebbi Shimon bring in support of his opinion?
(d) How do the Chachamim counter that proof?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 3

3)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Reuven, who has Ma'aser Sheni money in Yerushalayim which he needs. What is his problem?
(b) What arrangement can he arrive at with Shimon who has fruit?
(c) What sort of restriction does this place on Shimon?
(d) What would be the problem if Shimon was an Am ha'Aretz?
(e) Under which circumstances would it nevertheless be permitted?

Mishnah 4

4)
(a) What can a person do who has Ma'aser Sheni money at home, but who is in Yerushalayim with Chulin fruit, or vice-versa?
(b) Why might we have thought otherwise?
(c) And what does the Mishnah say in the reverse case (where he is in Yerushalayim with Ma'aser Sheni money, which he needs for other things, but he has Chulin fruit at home)?
(d) What is the Tana coming to teach us in this case?
(e) Under what condition is it permitted?

Mishnah 5

5)
(a) According to the Tana Kama, what Halachic difference is there between Ma'aser Sheni money and Ma'aser Sheni fruit that enters Yerushalayim?
(b) Why is that?
(c) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(d) Under what condition does he permit this?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 6

6)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Tevel fruit that is inside the walls of Yerushalayim. According to the Tana Kama, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree that once it has reached the stage of Ma'asros, its potential Ma'aser Sheni must remain in Yerushalayim to be eaten there. Why is that? On what principle is this ruling based?
(b) They argue however, over baskets of grapes and figs that have not yet reached the stage of Ma'asros. What is the case?
(c) Beis Shamai ascribe the equivalent ruling to this fruit as in the previous case. What do Beis Hillel say?

7)
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah Amar Rebbi Yossi say? What do both opinions hold in the latter case?
(b) Over which case do they then argue, according to him?
(c) In his opinion, Beis Hillel may well hold 'Matanos she'Lo Hurmu La'av k'Mi she'Hurmu Damyan'. What other reason might he ascribe to Beis Hillel's ruling?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

8)
(a) What does the Tana finally say about Tevel of Demai (see Tos. Yom-Tov) which entered Yerushalayim?
(b) According to whom does he need to issue this ruling?

Mishnah 7

9)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a tree that is growing inside the walls of Yerushalayim but whose branches extend beyond them, or vice-versa? At which point does the Tana seem to consider somebody entering Yerushalayim with Ma'aser Sheni fruit inside?
(b) We learned in Ma'asros (3:10) however, that with regard to Ma'aser Sheni, we go after the branch. What does this statement mean?
(c) What are therefore the ramifications of the ruling that whatever corresponds to ...
1. ... within the walls is considered inside Yerushalayim?
2. ... outside the walls is considered outside Yerushalayim?

10)
(a) The Tana citing Beis Shamai, rules that whether an olive press (that is actually built inside the walls) has its entrance inside Yerushalayim but the inside of the press is outside, or vice-versa, it is considered inside (see Tos. Yom-Tov). What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say?

Mishnah 8

11)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about the inside of rooms that are built ...
1. ... in the area of the Azarah, but which open out to Chol (i.e. the Har ha'Bayis [see Tos. Yom-Tov])?
2. ... outside the area of the Azarah but which open into the Azarah?
(b) What about their roofs?
(c) How do we reconcile the former with the principle that the attics and rooftops were not sanctified?
(d) And what happens if they are built partly in the area of the Azarah and partly in the area of Chol, with an opening at either end?

Mishnah 9

12)
(a) The Tana now discusses Ma'aser Sheni that entered Yerushalayim and became Tamei, through contact with either an Av ha'Tum'ah or a V'lad ha'Tum'ah, either after it entered Yerushalayim or afterwards. What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'eh (in connection with the redemption of Ma'aser Sheni) "Ki Lo Suchal Se'eiso"?
(b) What is the case of Ma'aser Sheni that became Tamei through a Velad ha'Tum'ah?
(c) What is the major difference between Ma'aser Sheni that became Tamei through an Av ha'Tum'ah and one that became Tamei through a Velad ha'Tum'ah?

13)
(a) Which is the only case, according to Beis Shamai, which can be eaten outside Yerushalayim after redemption?
(b) Why must all the other cases then be eaten in Yerushalayim (even though they have been redeemed)?
(c) Which is the only case, according to Beis Hillel, which must be eaten in Yerushalayim after being redeemed?
(d) What do they hold with regard to Ma'aser Sheni that became Tamei through ...
1. ... an Av ha'Tum'ah?
2. ... a Toldah outside Yerushalayim?

Mishnah 10

14)
(a) According to the Tana Kama, fruit that is bought with Ma'aser Sheni money and that became Tamei, is redeemed (wherever it is [Tiferes Yisrael]). What does Rebbi Yehudah say? Why is that?
(b) The Chachamim counter Rebbi Yehudah with a 'Kal-va'Chomer'. Which 'Kal-va'Chomer'?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah reply to that? Where do we find fruit that is purchased with Ma'aser money that is more stringent than the Ma'aser fruit itself?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 11

15)
(a) The Tana Kama requires a deer that one purchased with Ma'aser Sheni money and that subsequently died, to be buried. What about its skin?
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

16)
(a) What does the Tana Kama rule in a case where a live deer that one purchased with Ma'aser Sheni money becomes Tamei after it has been Shechted?
(b) Why does Rebbi Yehudah not argue with this ruling, like he did in the previous Mishnah with regard to fruit?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(d) And what does the Tana say in a case where one purchased the deer already Shechted?

Mishnah 12

17)
(a) What is the status of the small barrels that Reuven 'lends' Ma'aser Sheni, in order to pour into them Ma'aser Sheni wine outside Yerushalayim?
(b) Will it make any difference is he subsequently seals them shut?
(c) What will their status be if he pours Tevel wine into them S'tam and declares them Ma'aser ...
1. ... before sealing them shut ...
2. ... after sealing them shut?

18)
(a) What does the Tana say about a barrel of Terumah wine that got mixed up in a hundred of Chulin? Under which circumstances is it Batel and under which circumstances is it not?
(b) What must he do in the latter case?
(c) Which similar ruling does the Tana issue with regard to someone who has a number of barrels that need to be Ma'asered? Under which circumstances must one Ma'aser from each barrel individually and under which circumstances may he Ma'aser from one barrel to cover all the others?

Mishnah 13

19)
(a) According to Beis Hillel, if the owner wants to Ma'aser all the barrels from one barrel, after having sealed them, it will suffice to simply open them. What do Beis Shamai say?
(b) How does the Mishnah qualify the earlier ruling rendering the barrel Kodesh if the owner declared the wine Ma'aser Sheni after sealing the barrel? In which case will it remain Chulin?
(c) What is the source of this ruling?
(d) In which case will the barrel remain Chulin even where it customary to sell the barrels sealed?

20)
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon about a case where Reuven says to Shimon that he is selling the barrel of wine apart from its barrel?
(b) In actual fact, he is referring to case in the previous Mishnah ('[Im] mi'she'Gafan [Kara Shem Ma'aser] Kanah Ma'aser'). What is now the complete case?

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