REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS
Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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Previous Perek MA'ASER SHENI PEREK 4
(a) How does one assess Ma'aser Sheni fruit that one transported from a place where it was more expensive to a cheaper one, or vice-versa?
(b) Is it permitted to do that Lechatchilah?
(c) Who benefits from the increase in price of fruit or wine that the owner transports from the granary or from the wine-press to the town, the owner or Ma'aser Sheni?
(d) Who pays the transport costs?
(a) When redeeming one's Ma'aser Sheni fruit, how does one assess the price, according to the storekeepers buying price or selling price?
(b) And how does one assess the Ma'aser Sheni Perutos whose Kedushah one wants to transfer on to Sela'im?
(c) What does one do in the case of fruit whose market value is ...
1. ... known? Are witnesses required to check the redemption?
2. ... not known? How does one get them assessed?
(d) How does the Tana define this in the case of ...
1. ... wine?
2. ... fruit?
3. ... money?
(a) On what grounds does the owner take precedence if both he and his friend offer to pay a Sela to redeem his Ma'aser Sheni?
(b) Who takes precedence in a case where he offers a Sela, and his friend a Sela and an Isar?
(c) Why is that?
(d) What fraction of a Sela is an Isar?
(a) If the owner on whose land the fruit grew adds a fifth, what does he do if he received it as a gift?
(b) What does the Tana mean by 'a gift'?
(c) Why can he not mean that the original owner gave him the Ma'aser Sheni fruit as a gift?
(a) How (by involving his bar [or bas]-Mitzvah son [or daughter]), is it possible for the owner to avoid paying the extra fifth?
(b) Who else might he employ in this transaction?
(c) Why can he not do this via his little son or daughter, or via his Eved (or Shifchah) Cana'ani(s)?
(a) If Reuven is standing in the granary, and he wants to apply the previous concession, only neither he nor his friend Shimon has cash on him, what can he do to achieve his aim?
(b) In which case will he not be able to do this?
(a) What happens if, after Reuven, who is redeeming Shimon's Ma'aser Sheni, has drawn (Mashach) a Sela's worth, but before he has managed to pay, the price rises to two Sela'im? What happens to the second Sela?
(b) If Reuven is not obligated to give the second Sela to Shimon because he has already acquired the Ma'aser with Meshichah, then on what grounds does he remain obligated to redeem the Ma'aser?
(a) What will the Din then be in the reverse case, where Reuven acquires the Ma'aser for two Sela'im, and the price goes down to one before he manages to pay?
(b) Why is this not considered 'paying one's debts with Ma'aser Sheni money?
(c) What if Shimon is an Am ha'Aretz (and it is forbidden to give an Am ha'Aretz Ma'aser money)?
(d) What does the Tana mean according to the text 'Nosen Lo mi'Dema'av'?
(a) Rebbi Yossi rules that someone who redeems Ma'aser Sheni without the accompanying declaration, the Pidyon is valid. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) What do the same Tana'im hold in a case where Reuven is speaking to his wife about divorce, or to an unmarried woman about Kidushin, and then presents the former with a Get, or the latter with Kidushin?
(c) What is Rebbi Yossi's reason? How can the woman know the man's motives?
(a) The Mishnah discusses someone who sets aside an Isar on which to transfer his Ma'aser Sheni as he eats it and, after having used up half, he goes to another town taking the coin with him, where he discovers that the same coin was worth a Pundiyon. What is the relationship between an Isar and a Pundiyon?
(b) What does the Tana rule with regard to eating more Ma'aser Sheni against the coin ...
1. ... in this case?
2. ... in the reverse case, where he initially designated a Pundiyon, and, after having used up half, he went to another town taking the coin with him, where he discovered that the same coin was worth only an Isar? Must he now stop using the coin?
(a) In the reverse case, where the owner takes a Ma'aser Sheni coin to Yerushalayim, and transfers its Kedushah on to the fruit that he eats, the Tana Kama informs us that it is not necessary to use up the entire Isar, but gives two possible Shi'urim that will suffice for the entire Isar to become Chulin. One of them is ten elevenths. What might be the case?
(b) What second Shi'ur does the Tana give? What is the significance of the two Shi'urim?
(a) Beis Shamai, the most lenient of all, gives only one Shi'ur for both Vadai and Demai. What is it?
(b) Beis Hillel concurs with the Tana Kama (inasmuch as he gives two Shi'urim), and with Beis Shamai regarding Demai. What does he say regarding Vadai?
(c) Why is he more stringent than Beis Hillel in this point?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) Our Mishnah declares Chulin all coins that are found. When and where does this speak?
(b) What is the one exception to the rule?
(c) The Tana extends his ruling to a golden Dinar that one finds together with silver or copper coins. Why does he find it necessary to mention this?
(d) And he concludes that if one finds a purse containing coins and a piece of clay with the word 'Ma'aser' written on it, it is Ma'aser. What might we otherwise have thought (see Tos. Yom-Tov).
(a) The Mishnah now discusses a vessel on which is written 'Korban'. What distinction does Rebbi Yehudah draw between an earthenware vessel and one made of metal?
(b) Why is that?
(c) With which aspect of Rebbi Yehudah's ruling do the Chachamim disagree?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, a 'Kuf' on a found vessel denotes 'Korban'. What does that mean?
(b) What do 'Mem', 'Daled', 'Tes' and 'Taf' respectively stand for?
(c) Why would the owner have done that?
(d) Rebbi Yossi disagrees. What does he say ...
1. ... in this case?
2. ... in a case where one found a barrel with the word 'Terumah' written on it?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a case where someone tells his son that he will find Ma'aser Sheni in a certain corner, and he finds it in another corner?
(b) And what does the Tana say in a case where he told him that he would find ...
1. ... a Manah, but he found two?
2. ... two Manah, but he found only one?
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