Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Previous Perek


Mishnah 1

(a) What is the point of marking a Kerem Revai (a vineyard in its fourth year)?
(b) If one marks it with clods of earth, how does one mark a vineyard of Orlah?
(c) Why the difference?
(d) Later in the Mishnah, Raban Shimon ben Gamliel confines the obligation to mark both of the above, to the Shemitah year. Why is that? What will be the Din in other years?
(e) What did the 'Tzenu'im' (people who performed Mitzvos meticulously) used to do?

(a) Why does one mark graves with lime?
(b) What does one do before marking them?

Mishnah 2

(a) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Kerem Revai Hayah Oleh li'Yerushalayim Mehalech Yom Echad le'Chol Tzad'?
(b) What was the reason for this Takanah?

(a) If the southern border was Eilat, and the northern border, Akrabas, what was the border in ...
1. ... west?
2. ... east?
(b) What ruling did the Chachamim issue once there was an abundance of fruit?
(c) What did they stipulate when they did that?
(d) According to Rebbi Yossi, the criterion for the previous ruling and stipulation was not whether there was a lot of fruit and the fact that it decreased again. What then, was it?

Mishnah 3

(a) According to Beis Shamai, neither does the owner need to add a fifth when redeeming the fruit of Kerem Revai, nor is it subject to Biy'ur in the fourth and seventh years. From where do they know that it is subject to Pidyon?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say?
(c) From where do they learn that?

(a) Beis Shamai also hold that Kerem (or Neta) Revai is subject to Peret and Olelos. Why is that?
(b) To whom do the Peret and Olelos belong?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?

Mishnah 4

(a) At which stage does the fruit of Kerem (or Neta) Revai that the owner wishes to redeem need to be assessed?
(b) How many experts are required to assess it?
(c) Considering that the number of assessors required to assess Ma'aser Sheni depends on whether the price of the fruit is known or not (as we learned in Perek 'Daled' Mishnah 'Beis'), why is this necessary?
(d) How does one then proceed to assess it?
(e) What does the owner then do after the assessment is complete?

Mishnah 5

(a) How does the redemption in the Shemitah year differ from that of other years?
(b) Does one also add the cost of harvesting?
(c) What is the Din regarding Neta Revai which the owner declared Hefker? What is the person who acquires it from Hefker entitled to deduct?
(d) What major Chidush is the Tana coming to teach us? What might we otherwise have thought?

(a) The Mishnah obligates the owner who redeems Neta Revai to add a fifth. Who is the author of the Mishnah?
(b) What does the Tana mean when he extends this ruling even to someone who received it as a gift? Under which circumstances is this permissible?

Mishnah 6

(a) Which Mitzvah is the Pasuk in Re'eh "Miktzeh Shalosh Shanim Totzi es Kol Ma'asar Tevu'ascha" referring to?
(b) On which two dates was this Mitzvah performed?
(c) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Miketz" from the Pasuk in Ki Savo) "Miktzeh Sheva Shanim be'Mo'ed"?
(d) What do we learn from the beginning of the latter Pasuk "Ki Sechaleh le'Aser"?

(a) The owner must distribute any remaining Terumah and Terumas Ma'aser to the Kohanim. According to the Tana Kama, what does he do with remaining ...
1. ... Ma'aser Rishon and Ma'aser Ani, respectively?
2. ... Ma'aser Sheni and Bikurim?
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say? What is his reason?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(d) According to Beis Shamai, a cooked dish containing Shevi'is (see Tos. Yom-Tov) or Ma'aser Ani is subject to Biy'ur. What do Beis Hillel say?

Mishnah 7

(a) According to Beis Shamai, someone who Ma'aser Sheni fruit nowadays (when there is no Beis-Hamikdash) should transfer the Kedushah on to a silver coin. When should he do it?
(b) What is the source for this?
(c) How does one fulfill the Mitzvah of Biy'ur on a coin (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(d) On what grounds do Beis Hillel object to this ruling?

Mishnah 8

(a) Rebbi Yehudah refers to an announcement that Beis-Din used to issue to all landowners as the time of Biy'ur for each species of fruit drew near. What was the gist of the announcement?
(b) Why did they stop this practice?

Mishnah 9

(a) What is one obligated to do in the event that the time of Biy'ur arrives and one is not in the vicinity of one's fruit (assuming it has already reached the stage of Ma'asros, see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) Besides Rebbi Yehoshua and Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah, who was on the ship together with Raban Gamliel, when Erev Pesach of one of the years of Biy'ur arrived?
(c) What did he add, when giving the Ma'aser Rishon that he was about to designate to Rebbi Yehoshua, who was a Levi (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(d) Why did he do that?

(a) To whom did he give the Ma'aser Ani? Was he a poor man?
(b) What did he give to Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah?
(c) Why did he not also give him Terumah Gedolah?
(d) How did the three recipients acquire their rented locations?

Mishnah 10

(a) When does one say the Viduy (the confession that was part of the Mitzvah of Biy'ur Ma'asros)?
(b) Why did they not say it immediately after having performed the Biy'ur?
(c) Which two Matanos are contained in the Pasuk "Bi'arti ha'Kodesh min ha'Bayis"?

(a) If "Nesativ la'Levi" refers to Ma'aser Rishon, which two Matanos does "ve'Gam" come to include?
(b) Besides Ma'aser Ani, which three things "la'Ger, la'Yasom ve'la'Almanah" incorporate?
(c) What is noteworthy about these three things?
(d) And to what does "min ha'Bayis" refer?

Mishnah 11

(a) What does the Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ke'Chol Mitzvascha Asher Tzivisani"? Which order must the owner therefore maintain?
(b) Which multiple Isur does the Tana learn from "Lo Avarti mi'Mitzvosecha" (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(c) And what does he finally learn from "ve'Lo Shachachti"?

(a) What is the significance of 'min ...
1. ... ha'Talush al ha'Mechubar'?
2. ... ha'Mechubar al ha'Talush'?
(b) From where do we learn that each year's produce must be Ma'asered independently?
(c) Which Halachah is shared by the Mitzvah of Terumah, Ma'aser Rishon, Ma'aser Sheni, Pidyon Ma'aser Sheni, Ma'aser Ani and Chalah?

Mishnah 12

(a) What does the Mishnah learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Lo Achalti be'Oni Mimenu"?
2. ... "ve'Lo Vi'arti Mimenu be'Tamei"?
(b) How do we define Aninus ...
1. ... d'Oraysa?
2. ... de'Rabbanan?

(a) What does the owner mean when he says 've'Lo Nasati Mimenu le'Meis'?
(b) On what basis would this be forbidden even if it was not for a dead person?
(c) Then why does the Tana not rather present a case where one anointed a dead person with Ma'aser Sheni oil (which would be permitted to do to a live one)?
(d) What else does the Onein incorporate in this statement?
(e) If "Shamati be'Kol Hash-m Elokai" refers to bringing the Ma'aser Sheni to the Beis-Hamikdash, what does "Asisi ke'Chol Asher Tzivisani" refer to?

Mishnah 13 & 14

(a) What does the Mishnah comment on the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Hashkifah mi'Me'on Kodshecha min ha'Shamayim"?
2. ... "u'Varech es Amcha es Yisrael"?
3. ... "ve'es ha'Adamah Asher Nasata Lanu"?
4. ... "Ka'asher Nishbata la'Avoseinu Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash"?
(b) What preclusion do Chazal learn from "ve'es ha'Adamah Asher Nasata Lanu"?
(c) Is a Mamzer obligated to recite Viduy Ma'asros?
(d) Why does Rebbi Meir add Kohanim and Levi'im to the preclusion?
(e) On what grounds does Rebbi Yossi object to this?

Mishnah 15

(a) Who was Yochanan Kohen Gadol?
(b) His negation of Viduy Ma'asros was due to a Takanah of Ezra. Which Takanah?
(c) Why did he then negate it?

(a) He also nullified the Me'orerim and the Nokfim. What were ...
1. ... 'the Me'orerim'? What did the Levi'im used to say that might be misconstrued?
2. ... 'the Nokfim'? Why did the Kohanim used to do that to the Korban?
(b) Why did he nullify it?
(c) What did he institute in its stead?

(a) Until the time of Yochanan Kohen Gadol, the Tana concludes, the sound of a hammer could still be heard in Yerushalayim and one needed to query the Am ha'Aretz from whom one purchased crops about Demai ('Da Mai'?). What does the Tana mean when ...
1. ... by implication, he says that Yochanan Kohen Gadol negated the sound of the hammer in Yerushalayim? To when does it refer, why did he stop it?
2. ... he says that in his time, one no longer needed to ask the seller about Demai?
(b) Why did he institute this? What was he afraid of?
(c) Why did he not include Ma'aser Rishon and Ma'aser Ani in the Takanah?

*** Hadran Alach 'Kerem Revai' ve'Salik Maseches Ma'aser Sheni ***

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