REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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ORLAH PEREK 1

When Rebbi finished discussing the Dinim concerning the seeds and their Matanos, he began with the Dinim connected with the fruit. That is why he placed Orlah after Chalah.

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about fruit-trees that are planted mainly to serve as a fence for a vineyard, for wood for fencing (see Tos. Yom-Tov) or for manufacturing beams?
(b) What is the source for this ruling?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi say about a tree whose inner branches have been planted for fruit, the outer branches, for fencing?
(d) What do the Chachamim say?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 2

2)
(a) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim ...
1. ... "Ki Savo'u el ha'Aretz, u'Neta'atem ... ", with regard to the era of Yehoshua?
2. ... "u'Neta'atem Kol Eitz Ma'achal"?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, fruit-trees that have been planted for the benefit of the community are Chayav Orlah. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(c) The Chachamim learn their ruling from "Yih'yeh Lachem Areilim". How does R. Yehudah learn his ruling from the additional word "*u'Neta'atem*"?
(d) How do the Chachamim then interpret "*u'Neta'atem*"?

3)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about ...
1. ... someone who plants a fruit-tree in the Reshus ha'Rabim for his own personal use?
2. ... a Nochri or a thief who plants one?
(b) What is the case of 'a thief'? What did he steal?
(c) The Tana adds a fruit-tree that grows in a boat (which has no hole in its hull) to the list. What sort of boat is he talking about?
(d) What is the final case that the Tana includes in his list?

Mishnah 3

4)
(a) Under which circumstances is a fruit-tree which has been torn out of the ground by the wind or by a river that overflowed its banks and replanted Patur from Orlah?
(b) And what does the Tana say about a fruit-tree, in a case where the surrounding rocks have been uprooted, or where either it has been torn loose it or the surrounding terrain has been ground into dust by the plow?

Mishnah 4

5)
(a) The Mishnah exempts a tree that is completely uprooted, from Orlah, provided a root remains. How does Raban Gamliel citing R. Shimon ben Yehudah Ish Bartosa define a root?
(b) Why is the Halachah like him?

Mishnah 5

6)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses an uprooted tree with a pool. What is an uprooted tree with a pool?
(b) Is the tree that grows from the branch, initially Chayav Orlah?
(c) What does the Mishnah rule in a case where the original tree became uprooted?
(d) How about branches that he subsequently submerged in the ditch and that grew into fresh trees?

7)
(a) What is 'Sipuk ha'Gefanim'?
(b) What does the Tana Kama say about the tree into which the branch has been grafted, regarding Orlah?
(c) Will it make any difference if the grafted branch is submerged in the ground (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(d) How do we reconcile this with the Mishnah which declares a tree which has been grafted or whose attached branch has been transplanted, subject to Orlah no less than a freshly planted tree?

8)
(a) How does R. Meir qualify the Tana Kama's ruling?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?

9)
(a) What similar ruling (to the opening Halachah in the Mishnah), does the Tana present regarding the tree that grows from the pool that becomes detached from the tree from which it grew?
(b) What would the Halachah have been had he picked the fruit immediately?

Mishnah 6

10)
(a) The Tana now discusses a sapling of Orlah or of Neta Revai that becomes mixed up with other saplings or vines of Heter. What is the case?
(b) He forbids, initially, picking the fruit from any of the trees in the orchard or the vineyard. Why is that (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(c) Under which circumstances will it become Batel Bedieved?

11)
(a) The Tana Kama forbids picking the fruit Lechatchilah. Why is that?
(b) What does R. Yossi say?
(c) Why is he not afraid that one may come to plant an Orlah tree in a field containing two hundred Heter trees Lechatchilah?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 7

12)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about the leaves, the Lulavim (the soft newly-grown branches [Tos. Yom-Tov]), the Mei-Gefanim and blossoms of ...
1. ... Orlah vine-trees? What is 'Mei-Gefanim?
2. ... Neta Revai vines and with regard to a Nazir partaking of them?
(b) To which Isur are all the above subject?
(c) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim ...
1. ... "va'Araltem Orlaso es Piryo"?
2. ... (in connection with Neta Revai) "Yih'yeh Kol Piryo Kodesh Hilulim la'Hashem"?
(d) And what does he learn from the Pasuk in ...
1. ... Naso (in connection with Nazir) "Lo Ye'achel"?
2. ... Re'ei (in connection with Avodah-Zarah) "ve'Lo Yidbak be'Yadcha Me'umah min ha'Cherem"?

13)
(a) What does R. Yossi say about the blossoms of Orlah vine-trees?
(b) R. Eliezer forbids cheese that has been placed in rennet comprising the sap of an Orlah tree. Why is that?
(c) What distinction does R. Yehoshua draw between the sap of leaves and of roots on the one hand, and that of unripe fruit?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 8

14)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses 'Ankuklos' and Temed of Orlah vines among other things. What is ...
1. ... 'Ankuklos'?
2. ... 'Temed'?
(b) What ruling does the Tana issue regarding Ankuklos, the pits and skins of grapes, Temed made from them, the peels and fluff of pomegranates and fruit-pits (such as in grapes, dates, olives and peaches) regarding the Isur of ...
1. ... Orlah, Asheirah, and Nazir?
2. ... Neta Revai?
(c) What is the reason for this distinction?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk In Kedoshim "va'Araltem Orlaso es Piryo"?
(e) And what does the Tana finally say regarding Novlos? What is 'Novlos'?

Mishnah 9

15)
(a) What distinction does R. Yossi draw between planting a branch from an Orlah-tree and planting a nut?
(b) What would he say if one did replant the nut, and then took a branch from the tree that subsequently grew, and grafted it into another nut-tree, or replanted it independently?
(c) And what does R. Yossi say about grafting a branch containing blossoming fruit into another tree?
(d) How do we rule with regard to with R. Yossi's ...
1. ... first ruling?
2. ... second ruling?

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