REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
daf@dafyomi.co.il    http://www.dafyomi.co.il


Previous Perek
PE'AH PEREK 3
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Mishnah 1

1)
(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel discuss 'Milbenos ha'Tevu'ah she'Bein ha'Zeisim'. What are 'Milbenos ha'Tevu'ah'? Why are they called by that name?
(b) Beis Shamai hold 'Pe'ah mi'Kol Achas ve'Achas'. What does this mean?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) Seeing as this ruling applies equally to other trees, why does the Mishnah mention specifically olive-trees?
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2)
(a) We establish the Mishnah where the trees are planted ten to a Beis Sa'ah (fifty Amos square). What will be the Din if they are planted ...
1. ... further apart than that?
2. ... closer together?
(b) In which other case will even Beis Shamai concede that one Pe'ah will suffice for all the plots?
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Mishnah 2

3)
(a) Rebbi Akiva and the Chachamim argue over 'ha'Menamer Sadeihu' (someone who reaps patches of produce one at a time). Why does the owner do that?
(b) According to Rebbi Akiva, he must leave Pe'ah for each patch. What do the Chachamim say? What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about a field of aniseed or mustard? Why is that?
(d) Seeing as vegetables are Patur from Pe'ah, why is one Chayav to leave Pe'ah for aniseed and mustard?
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Mishnah 3

4)
(a) What does the Tana say about someone who picks the moist onions (leaving bare patches in his field), and retains the dry ones for the barn?
(b) What else might 'ha'Machlik' mean?
(c) The same applies to a vineyard. To which other vegetable does it also apply?
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5)
(a) 'ha'Madal' however, only leaves Pe'ah on what remains. What does 'ha'Madal' mean? What does it entail?
(b) What is the reason for this ruling?
(c) What does the Tana say about someone who is Machlik his field 'me'Achas Yad', which might mean that he picks all the onions for the barn or all to sell in the market?
(d) How does the Rambam interpret 'me'Achas Yad'?
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Mishnah 4

6)
(a) What are 'Imahos shel Betzalim'?
(b) Why does Rebbi Yossi exempt them from Pe'ah?
(c) What does the Tana Kama say about them?
(d) According to the Chachamim, Milbenos ha'Betzalim in a field of vegetables, have the same Din as Milbenos ha'Tevu'ah in a field of olive-trees. What does Rebbi Yossi say? Why is that?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 5

7)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about ...
1. ... brothers who divided a field that they inherited?
2. ... brothers who divided the field but who subsequently went into partnership?
3. ... partners who purchased a tree?
4. ... partners who purchased a tree, one the north side, and the other, the south?
(b) If Reuven purchased the roots of Shimon's tree (see also Tosfos Rebbi Akiva Eiger), what must he do as regards Pe'ah? Did he purchase the land too?
(c) How does Rebbi Yehudah qualify the Tana Kama's statement? In which case will Reuven be absolved from leaving Pe'ah at all?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 6

8)
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, a field in which one can sow a Beis Rova (a quarter of a Kav) is Chayav ba'Pe'ah. How much is a 'Beis Rova'?
(b) Rebbi Yehoshua gives the Shi'ur as one that produces a Beis Sasayim. What size is that?
(c) What is their major bone of contention?
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9)
(a) Rebbi Tarfon is more stringent than the previous Tana'im. What does he say?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, the Shi'ur is 'K'dei Li'ketzor Ve'lishnos'. What does that mean? What does the Tana add after citing his opinion?
(c) Rebbi Akiva is the most stringent of them all. What does he learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Kedoshim "Pe'as Sadcha"?
2. ... in Mishpatim (in connection with Bikurim) "Admascha"?
(d) This latter Derashah pertains to Bikurim of wheat and barley. How will the Din differ by Bikurim of fruit?
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10)
(a) Rebbi Akiva extends his Shi'ur of 'Kol she'Hu' to writing a Pruzbul. What is a Pruzbul? Who instituted it?
(b) What does Rebbi Akiva mean with this ruling?
(c) What final Halachah (regarding the Din of Kinyan) does he include in his list of 'Kol she'Hu'?
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Mishnah 7

11)
(a) If Reuven, who is a Shechiv-Mera, writes his property to Shimon (who also made a Kinyan), what distinction does the Tana draw between whether he keeps some land back for himself or not? How much land are we talking about?
(b) What is the reason for the ...
1. ... the former ruling?
2. ... the latter ruling?
(c) Does our Mishnah speak when they made a Kinyan or not?
(d) If land in this and all subsequent cases until the end of the Perek is not meant literally, then why did the Tana mention it?
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12)
(a) What does the Mishnah rule in a case where a Shechiv-Mera (see Mishnah Acharonah) wrote his property to his sons, giving a Kol she'Hu Karka to his wife?
(b) What is the reason for this ruling?
(c) Rebbi Yossi carries this even further. What does he say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 8

13)
(a) If someone writes all his property to his Eved Cana'ani, the latter goes free. Why is that?
(b) Then why did he refer to him as an Eved?
(c) Why, if he specifically held back some property, does the Eved not go free?
(d) So why did he give him the gift in the first place?
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14)
(a) Assuming that all the master owns is the Eved and the field that he retained, why does the Eved not go free?
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(c) Why is that? In which point does he argue with the Tana Kama?
(d) In which case will Rebbi Shimon agree that the Eved does not go free?
(e) Why is that?
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Index to Review Questions and Answers for Seder Zeraim


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