REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
daf@dafyomi.co.il    http://www.dafyomi.co.il


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PE'AH PEREK 4
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Mishnah 1

1)
(a) What does the Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "le'Ani ve'la'Ger Ta'azov Osam"? What may the owner not do?
(b) Based on the word "Osam", which two exceptions does the Tana cite? What is the reason for this ruling?
(c) Rebbi Shimon adds the fruit of a nut-tree to the list of exceptions. Why is that? Why does he refer to it as 'Chalikei Egozim'?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
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2)
(a) What will be the Halachah if ...
1. ... all the poor prefer the owner to distribute the Pe'ah?
2. ... ninety-nine out of a hundred ask for it to be distributed and just one prefers it to be left still attached?
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Mishnah 2

3)
And what will be the Din if ninety-nine of the assembled poor ask for the owner to leave the Pe'ah on the raised trellis or on the date-palm, and the hundredth asks for it to be picked and distributed?
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Mishnah 3

4)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a poor man who threw the Pe'ah that he picked onto some standing corn, in order to acquire that too?
(b) Why does the Tana say 'Ein Lo Bah Klum', and not just Ma'avirin Osah Mimenu', like he says in the following case?
(c) If a poor man tries to acquire Pe'ah by falling on it or spreading his cloak over it, says that Tana, he does not acquire it. Why would we have thought that he does?
(d) The reason that he does not acquire the Pe'ah by falling on it ... might be because the Chachamim did not extend the Takanah to acquiring in somebody else's field. Why else might not acquire it?
(e) Is this ruling restricted to Pe'ah?
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Mishnah 4

5)
What does the Tana say about the poor using scythes and axes to cut Pe'ah?
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Mishnah 5

6)
(a) What does the Tana mean when he lists three 'Ibayos' daily for collecting Pe'ah? What does 'Ibayos' mean?
(b) What are the three occasions?
(c) Why ...
1. ... the morning?
2. ... mid-day?
3. ... Minchah-time?
(d) According to Raban Gamliel, one is not permitted to subtract from this number, though one is permitted to add to it. What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(e) What is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 6

7)
(a) What does the Tana Kama learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Emor (in connection with Leket and Pe'ah) "u've'Kutzrechem ... "?
2. ... in Ki Setzei (in connection with Shikchah) "ki Siktzor Ketzircha ve'Shakachta Omer?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah obligates him to leave Shikchah. Why is that?
(c) The Pasuk in Ki Setzei refers to Shikchas Omer. What do we learn from "ve'Shachachta Omer ba'Sadeh"?
(d) What do the Rabbanan now learn from Shikchas Kamah?
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Mishnah 7

8)
(a) From where do we know that Hekdesh is Patur from Pe'ah?
(b) That being the case, what does the Mishnah say about the Din of Matnos Anitim with regard to someone who declares Hekdesh ...
1. ... standing corn which he subsequently redeems?
2. ... sheaves which he subsequently redeems?
3. ... standing corn which he only redeems after he has turned it into sheaves?
(c) What is the reason for this final ruling?
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Mishnah 8

9)
(a) Following the same principle as the previous Mishnah, what does the Tana rule with regard to someone who declares Hekdesh and then redeems crops that have ...
1. ... not yet reached the stage of Ma'asros?
2. ... reached the stage of Ma'asros?
(b) What is the definition of crops that have not yet reached the stage of Ma'asros?
(c) What does the Tana rule in a case where the owner declared them Hekdesh before they reached the stage of Ma'asros, and redeemed them only after the Gizbar brought them to the stage of Ma'asros?
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Mishnah 9

10)
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, if a rich man collected Pe'ah on behalf of a poor one, the poor man acquires it. What do the Chachamim say?
(b) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
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11)
(a) Our Mishnah considers the Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah that a Nochri leaves in his field subject to Ma'asros. Why is that?
(b) The author of our Mishnah is Rebbi Meir, says the Bartenura. Which Rebbi Meir does this refer to?
(c) In which case will even Rebbi Meir concede that the crops of a Nochri are Patur from Ma'asros?
(d) What is the Halachah in this regard?
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Mishnah 10

12)
(a) How does the Tana define Leket?
(b) What happens to grains that fell from the owner's hand due a thorn-prick?
(c) What distinction does the Tana draw between grains that fall, during harvesting, from inside the owner's hand or the scythe, and those that fall from the back of the hand or the scythe?
(d) If the grains fall from 'Rosh ha'Yad' or 'Rosh ha'Magal', Rebbi Akiva disagrees with Rebbi Yishmael, who holds that they are Leket. What is the basis of their Machlokes? Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 11

13)
(a) What the Mishnah say about grains of corn that are found in the ant-holes ...
1. ... among the standing corn?
2. ... that are behind the harvesters?
(b) Under which circumstances do even the latter belong to the owner, according to the Tana Kama?
(c) How does one know which the Tana refers to as the upper ones, and which ones, the lower ones?
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14)
(a) Rebbi Meir disagrees. On what basis does he grant the poor ownership even of the lower grains?
(b) How does he counter the Tana Kama's argument that the color is a sign of age?
(c) What is the Halachah?
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Index to Review Questions and Answers for Seder Zeraim


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