Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) Beis Shamai holds 'Hefker la'Aniyim Hefker'. How does he learn it from the Pasuk in Kedoshim (in connection with Leket and Pe'ah) "le'Ani ve'la'Ger Ta'azov Osam"?
(b) What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) From where do they learn it?
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Beis Shamai hold that if the owner forgot a sheaf of four Kabin, whilst all the other sheaves comprised only one, it is not Shikchah (see Tosfos Yom-Tov). What do Beis Hillel say?
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Mishnah 2

(a) According to Beis Shamai, a sheaf that the owner placed next to a Gafah, a hay-stack, a group of cattle or plowing implements, and then forgot about it, is not Shikchah. What is a 'Gafah'?
(b) What is Beis Shamai's reason (based on the fact that the owner put the sheaf down there after having picked it up to carry to town)?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
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(a) According to the second explanation, they are arguing in a case where the owner did not yet pick up the sheaf. What is then Beis Shamai's reason?
(b) According to this explanation, what will Beis Hillel hold in a case where the owner already picked up the sheaf and then put it down?
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Mishnah 3

What does the Mishnah say about the last sheaf in the row (which will be explained in the next Mishnah) and one that he picked up to take to town and then put down, both of which he 'forgot'?
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Mishnah 4

(a) The Mishnah describes how two people begin to gather sheaves starting from the middle of the row, one facing northwards, the other southwards. What does the Tana rule in a case where they start gathering them ...
1. ... back to back, and where one of them subsequently forgets one of the sheaves that are in front of him?
2. ... with a sheaf in between them, and they both subsequently forget that sheaf?
(b) Based on the Pasuk in Ki Setzei "Lo Sashuv Lekachto", what is the reason for the latter ruling?
(c) Discussing the case of 'the last sheaf in the row' (referred to in the previous Mishnah), what does the Tana say in a case where a single gatherer 'forgets' a sheaf ...
1. ... behind him (i.e. in the middle of a row running north to south which he is collecting)?
2. ... in front of him (at the end of the row)?
(d) What is the reason for this? What does 'ha'Omer she'Kenegdo Mochi'ach' mentioned in the previous Mishnah) mean?
(e) What principle governs these two rulings?
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Mishnah 5

(a) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between ...
1. ... two sheaves and three sheaves?
2. ... two piles of olives or of carobs and three?
3. ... two stalks of flax and three?
(b) What is the Tana referring to when it draws the same distinction between two ...
1. ... grapes and three grapes?
2. ... two grains of corn and three grains?
(c) All this is the opinion of Beis Hillel. What do Beis Shamai say about Leket Shikchah and Peret?
(d) If Beis Hillel derive their opinion from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "le'Ani ve'la'Ger Ta'azov Osam" (one for the Ani and one for the Ger), from which Pasuk in Ki Setzei do Beis Shamai derive theirs?
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Mishnah 6

(a) What does the Mishnah say about a sheaf that contains two Sa'ah of corn?
(b) How does the Tana learn this from the Pasuk "Lo Sashuv Lekachto"?
(c) Raban Gamliel says that if he forgets two sheaves that measure two Sa'ah they are not Shikchah either. What do the Chachamim say?
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(a) What did Raban Gamliel mean when he made the Chachamim concede that the more sheaves the owner forgets the better it is for him?
(b) What did he then prove from there?
(c) How did the Chachamim then counter Raban Gamliel's proof? Why are two sheaves of two Sa'ah as against one, not comparable to three regular sheaves as against two?
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Mishnah 7

(a) What does the Mishnah now say about an area of standing corn that measures two Sa'ah?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'Shachachta Omer ba'Sadeh"?
(c) From where do we learn the Shi'ur of Sa'ah with regard to Shikchas Kamah?
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(a) The Tana rules that if the standing corn does amount to two Sa'ah, even if it is as little as a Tofach, it is considered as if it was an Anavah ... . Which kind of corn is the Tana talking about?
(b) What does the Tana by this statement? What is a 'Tofach' and what is an 'Anavah'?
(c) Why can we not take 'Tofach' to mean a Tefach?
(d) What would be the Din of the harvest was simply less than two Sa'ah?
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Mishnah 8

(a) What does the Tana mean when he says that Kamah saves an Omer?
(b) How does he learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Setzei "Ki Siktzor ... ve'Shachachta Omer"?
(c) Under what circumstances does Kamah which the owner did not forget (see Tiferes Yisrael) save Kamah which he did?
(d) What does the Tana rule in the reverse case, where an Omer which the owner forgot is beside another Omer or Kamah which he did?
(e) How much Kamah is requires to save an Omer or other Kamah from becoming Shikchah?
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Mishnah 9

(a) What does our Mishnah say about a Sa'ah of ...
1. ... cut corn plus a Sa'ah of standing corn? Do they combine to make up two Sa'ah?
2. ... detached fruit from a tree, plus a Sa'ah of attached fruit
(b) The same will apply to two Sa'ah of garlic or of onions. How will we alternatively explain 'be'Ilan, ve'ha'Shum ve'ha'Betzalim'?
(c) In principle, Rebbi Yossi disagrees with this. Under which circumstances will he nevertheless agree with it?
(d) An example of this would be if there was Leket (of corn) or Peret (of grapes) in between them. Why is this not possible in a case where they are divided by fruit-trees?
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Mishnah 10

(a) Our Mishnah discusses produce which has been planted to use as Shachas (animal fodder) or Alumah. What is 'Alumah'?
(b) What does the Tana say about them?
(c) And the same applies to Agudei ha'Shum and to Agudos ha'Shum ve'ha'Betzalim. What are ...
1. ... 'Agudei ha'Shum'?
2. ... 'Agudos ha'Shum ve'ha'Betzalim'?
(d) Why are the latter not subject to Shikchah?
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(a) What is unusual about the way Luf (a species of onion) and regular onions (radishes and turnips) grow?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah now learn from the word "Sadecha" (in the Pasuk in Ki Setzei (written in connection with Shikchah) "ki Siktzor Ketzircha be'Sadecha"?
(c) And what do the Chachamim learn from the additional word "Ketzircha"?
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Mishnah 11

What does the Mishnah say (with regard to Shikchah) about someone who ...
1. ... reaps or who binds sheaves at night-time or a blind man even in day-time?
2. ... deliberately picks the large stalks?
3. ... stipulates that whatever he forgets he will take?
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Index to Review Questions and Answers for Seder Zeraim

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