Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) What is a 'Zayis ha'Netufah be'Sha'ato'?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about it (regarding Shikchah)?
(c) How does the Tana learn this from the Pasuk "ve'Shachachta Omer ba'Sadeh"?
(d) This Halachah covers three areas 'bi'Shemo, be'Ma'asav u'vi'Mekomo'. What is an example of ...
1. ... 'bi'Shemo"?
2. ... 'Ma'asav'?
3. ... 'Mekomo'?
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(a) Who is the author of the Mishnah 've'Sha'ar Kol ha'Zeisim Shenayim Shikchah, Sheloshah, Einan Shikchah'?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say about olive-trees in general? Why is that?
(c) Then why will he concede that nowadays olive-trees are no different than any other trees?
(d) By the same token, what do we say (in connection with the Reisha of the Mishnah) there where someone's trees are all 'Shafchani' or 'Bishni'?
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Mishnah 2

(a) Our Mishnah discusses three rows of olive-trees, assuming that each row is divided by a Milbenah. What is a Milbenah?
(b) What does the Tana rule with regard to ...
1. ... the middle tree in the middle row? Why is that?
2. ... an olive-tree that produces two Sa'ah?
(c) What does the Tana say about a 'Zayis ha'Netufah be'Sha'ato' (which we discussed in the previous Mishnah)? Under which circumstances is it subject to Shikchah?
(d) When will it not be subject to Shikchah even if he one did begin harvesting the olives?
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(a) According to the Tana Kama, at which stage do the olives that the owner forgot on top of the olive-tree become Shikchah?
(b) Rebbi Meir is more lenient. What does he say?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 3

(a) How does the Mishnah define 'Peret'? To which fruit does it pertain?
(b) What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... grapes that got caught in the leaves of the vine during picking, and fell on to the ground?
2. ... someone who places his basket underneath the vine to catch falling grapes?
(c) In what connection does he quote the Pasuk in Mishlei "Al Taseg Gevul Olim"?
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Mishnah 4

(a) In connection with what does the Torah prescribe the Mitzvah of Olelos?
(b) The Tana defines Olelos as whatever has neither Katef nor Nataf. What is ...
1. ... 'Katef'?
2. ... 'Nataf'?
(c) To whom will a cluster belong if ...
1. ... it has either one or the other?
2. ... one is uncertain whether it is Olelos or not?
(d) Under which circumstances will a branch that contains both full clusters and Olelos belong to the owner?
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(a) Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Meir argue over a Gargar Yechidi. What is a Gargar Yechidi, in this case?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah defines a 'Gargar Yechidi' as 'Eshkol'. How does he learn this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Nish'ar bo Olelos ke'Nokef Zayis Shenayim Shelochah Gargerim"?
(c) What do the Chachamim say?
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Mishnah 5

(a) The Tana now discusses 'ha'Madal bi'Gefanim'. What does this mean?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah permits the owner to do this to whatever pertains to the poor, just like he does it to his own. To which of the Matnos Aniyim does this apply?
(c) What does Rebbi Meir say?
(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?
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Mishnah 6

(a) What is a 'Kerem Revai'? To which other Mitzvah is it similar?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim (in connection with Neta Revai) "Kodesh Hilulim la'Hashem"?
(c) According to Beis Shamai, the fruit of Kerem Revai is subject to Chomesh or Biyur. What do Beis Hillel say? From which 'Gezeirah-Shavah' do they learn it?
(d) What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'Chomesh'?
2. ... 'Biyur', and when is it performed?
(e) On what grounds do Beis Shamai then argue?
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(a) Why do Beis Shamai declare the fruit of Kerem Revai subject to Peret and Olelos?
(b) What are the poor obligated to do with it once they have collected it?
(c) What do Beis Hillel (based on the same 'Gezeirah-Shavah') say?
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Mishnah 7

(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, a vineyard that is entirely 'Olelos' belongs to the owner. What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(b) How does Rebbi Eliezer learn his ruling from the Pasuk in Ki Setzei "Ki Sivtzor ... Lo Se'olel"?
(c) What constitutes a harvest?
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(a) How does Rebbi Akiva learn his ruling from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "ve'Charmecha Lo Se'olel"?
(b) What does he then learn from "Ki Sivtzor ... Lo Se'olel"?
(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer learn from "ve'Charmecha Lo Se'olel"?
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Mishnah 8

(a) What does the Tana say about someone who declares his vineyard Hekdesh before the Olelos are discernible?
(b) Once they are discernible, the Tana Kama rules that they belong to the poor (his declaring is invalid). What does Rebbi Yossi obligate the owner to do?
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(a) The Tana now draws a distinction between 'Shikchah be'Aris' and 'Shikchah be'Rigliyos'. What do the two terms mean?
(b) How does he then define Shikchah ...
1. ... be'Aris?
2. ... be'Rigliyos?
(c) What is the reason for the latter ruling?
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Index to Review Questions and Answers for Seder Zeraim

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