REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
daf@dafyomi.co.il    http://www.dafyomi.co.il


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PE'AH PEREK 8
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Mishnah 1

1)
(a) The Mishnah permits anyone to collect the remaining Leket once the Nemushos have been and left. What might 'Nemushos' mean?
(b) What is the reason for this?
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2)
(a) The equivalent ruling regarding olives is once the second Revi'ah has passed. What is the second Revi'ah?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Yehudah dispute that?
(c) He therefore permits anyone to collect Leket of olives only when so little Leket remains in the field that a poor person would not be able to take home olives of four Isrim. What is 'four Isrim'?
(d) What is the significance of this Shi'ur?
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Mishnah 2

3)
(a) What does the Mishnah mean when it states that they are believed on Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah in their time? Who is 'they'?
(b) What does 'be'Sha'atan' mean?
(c) In what way is Ma'aser Ani different than Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah?
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4)
(a) What does the Tana then say about a ben Levi? Seeing as he is talking about an Am ha'Aretz, why is he believed any more than a Yisrael on his Ma'asros?
(b) In which regard does a Yisrael have the same Din as a ben Levi?
(c) Under which circumstances are all of the above not believed?
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Mishnah 3

5)
(a) What will be the Din if a poor man claims that the flour or the bread that he is holding was given to him as ...
1. ... one of the Matnos Aniyim?
2. ... wheat, but he ground or baked it?
(b) Why the difference?
(c) Our Mishnah draws the same distinction between ...
1. ... 'Se'orah shel Orez' (where the poor man is believed) and rice that is raw or cooked (where he is not). Besides meaning 'when it is still in its stalks' (before it has even been threshed), what else might 'Se'orah shel Orez' mean?
2. ... Pul (a species of large bean) and Gerisin shel Pul, whether raw or cooked. What is 'G'risin shel Pul'?
(d) And the Tana makes the same distinction again between olive oil that the poor man claims to have manufactured from Ma'aser Ani and what he claims to have manufactured from 'Zeisei Nikuf'. What are 'Zeisei Nikuf'? Why is he then not believed to say that he manufactured oil from them?
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Mishnah 4

6)
(a) When is the Ani believed to say that the vegetables that he is holding are from Ma'aser Ani?
(b) Seeing as the Torah writes "Ma'asar Degancha, Tiroshcha ve'Yitzharecha", what difference does it make whether he is believed or not?
(c) Under which circumstances is he believed even on cooked vegetables?
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Mishnah 5

7)
(a) The Mishnah discusses the Shi'urim with regard to the various species, when distributing Ma'aser Ani. Where is the Ma'aser Ani being distributed?
(b) Everyone agrees that the minimum Shi'ur of Ma'aser Ani that one gives a poor man who comes to the granary half a Kav (twelve k'Beitzim). How do we learn this (and all the other Shi'urim) from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Achlu vi'She'arecha ve'Save'u"?
(c) The Tana Kama gives the Shi'ur for barley as a complete Kav. What does Rebbi Meir say?
(d) The Tana Kama gives the Shi'ur for spelt as one and a half Kav and of Gerogros as a Kav or, if he prefers, a Manah (the weight of a hundred Dinrim) of Deveilah. What is the difference between 'Gerogros' and 'Deveilah'?
(e) Rebbi Akiva gives the Shi'ur for Deveilah as a Pras. How much is a 'P'ras'?
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8)
(a) The Tana Kama gives the Shi'ur for wine as half a Log and for oil as a Revi'is (ha'Log). What does Rebbi Akiva say about ...
1. ... wine?
2. ... oil?
(b) What does Aba Shaul say regarding all other crops?
(c) The Halachah is like Aba Shaul with regard to all other crops. Like whom do we rule regarding the crops specified in the Mishnah?
(d) All of the specified Shi'urim are confined to Ma'aser Ani that the owner distributes in the granary. What will be the Din if he distributes them in his house? What is the reason for this distinction (see Tosfos Yom-Tov)?
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Mishnah 6

9)
(a) What does our Mishnah mean when it states 'Midah Zu Amurah be'Kohanim, Levi'im ve'Yisre'elim?
(b) What does he permit the owner to do if he wants to save some of the Ma'aser Ani for his poor relatives?
(c) And what does he instruct the owner to do in the event that there is not sufficient Ma'aser Ani for each poor man to receive the minimum Shi'ur as prescribed above?
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Mishnah 7

10)
(a) The Mishnah now discusses the minimum that one gives a visiting Ani. Which category of Matanah is the Tana referring to?
(b) The Tana prescribes the minimum Shi'ur as a loaf that is sold for a Pundiyon, when four Sa'in of wheat is sold for a Sela. If there are four Dinrim is a Sela, six Ma'ah in a Dinar, two Pundiyonin in a Ma'ah and two Isrin in a Pundiyon, how many Perutos are there in a Pundiyon?
(c) Given that there are six Kabin in a Sela, working at the same rate, how much would a Kav of bread cost?
(d) And how much bread would one now receive for a Pundiyon?
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11)
(a) But the baker needs to earn too (for grinding and baking the loaf), so he cannot provide the bread at the market price of wheat. What percentage constitute his earnings? How much bread does he therefore provide per Pundiyon?
(b) Given that there are six k'Beitzim in a Log and four Lugin in a Kav, how many k'Beitzim of bread does the visiting Ani receive per day?
(c) What does the Tana say about an Ani who spends ...
1. ... the night in town?
2. ... Shabbos in town?
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12)
(a) What is the difference between a 'Tamchuy' and a 'Kupah'?
(b) How often and when do they operate?
(c) How much food must a person have with him to be ineligible to receive from ...
1. ... the Tamchuy?
2. ... the Kupah?
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13)
(a) How do they obtain food for the Tamchuy?
(b) How many men ...
1. ... collect the funds for the Kupah?
2. ... distribute it?
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Mishnah 8

14)
(a) How much must a person own to render him ineligible to take Leket, Shikchah, Pe'ah and Ma'aser Ani?
(b) What is the reason for this?
(c) How much is he permitted to accept in one go if he owns a hundred and ninety-nine Zuz?
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15)
(a) Under which circumstances may an Ani take Matnos Aniyim even if he legally owns two hundred Zuz?
(b) Will it make a difference if he and his wife are living happily together?
(c) May someone who owns a beautiful house and fine vessels that he uses on Shabbos and Yom-Tov accept Matnos Aniyim (without having to sell them)?
(d) Under which circumstances will Beis-Din force him to sell whatever is excessive, before permitting him to take Matnos Aniyim?
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Mishnah 9

16)
(a) What are the ramifications of the saying 'Fifty that is working is better than two hundred that is dormant?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about someone who ...
1. ... takes from Tzedakah even though he does not need to?
2. ... does not take even though he needs to?
(c) Which well-known Pasuk in Yirmiyah applies to such a person?
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17)
(a) Under which circumstances will this latter ruling and Pasuk not apply?
(b) What did the Chachamim say about such a person?
(c) In connection with whom does the Tana cite the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Shoftim "Tzedek Tzedek Tirdof"?
2. ... in Mishlei "ve'Doresh Ra'ah Tevo'ehu" (see Tosfos Yom-Tov)?
(d) Based on the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Shochad Lo Sikach ... ", what happens to a Dayan who accepts bribes?
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***** Hadran Alach 'Me'eimasai' u'Selika Maseches Pe'ah *****


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