REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS
Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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Previous Perek TERUMOS PEREK 1
Terumos follows Shevi'is, says the Rambam, because it is the first Matnas Kehunah that takes effect from the seeds.
Please note that, unless otherwise stated, we refer automatically to the Bartenura's explanation. It is also worth bearing in mind that throughout Shas, the Bartenura generally follows the explanations of Rashi and the rulings of the Rambam.
(a) Of the five people who are not eligible to separate Terumah, the Mishnah lists someone who does not own the crops and a Nochri. On what condition ...
1. ... is the Terumah separated by the former not valid?
2. ... would it be valid?
(b) What are the remaining three?
(c) We learn most of them from the same Pasuk (in Terumah). What do we preclude from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Daber el Bnei Yisrael"?
2. ... "Me'es Kol Ish"?
3. ... "Asher Yid'venu Libo"?
4. ... "ve'Zos ha'Terumah Asher Tikchu me'Itam"?
5. ... "Kein Tarimu Gam Atem"?
(d) Why can we not learn a Katan too, from "Asher Yidvenu Libo"?
(e) What will be the Din in the event that any of the five did separate Terumah?
(a) What does the Tana say in a case where a Cheresh who is able to speak separates Terumah?
(b) What is the definition of the Cheresh' referred to in the previous Mishnah and throughout Shas?
(c) Of what significance are Chagigah and Chalitzah in this regard?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about a Katan whose pubic hair has not yet grown? Why is that?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say? In which case does he agree with Rebbi Yehudah?
(c) What would appear to be the Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Korach "ka'Dagan min ha'Goren" (from what is complete on to what is complete)?
(b) According to Beis Hillel, if the owner did so, his Terumah is invalid (see Tosfos Yom-Tov). What do Beis Shamai say?
(a) The Tana presents a list of items from which one cannot separate Terumah. What does he mean when he inserts Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah (which are not Chayav Ma'asros anyway)?
(b) He also includes Hefker and Ma'aser Rishon whose Terumah has already been taken, in the list, which he learns (and presumably, the previous three as well) from the Pasuk in Re'ei "u'Va ha'Levi, ki Ein Lo Chelek ve'Nachalah Imach". How does he learn it from there?
(c) Why does the Tana does not contend with the Terumah Gedolah that the Levi is Chayav to separate from his Ma'aser?
(d) From where do we know that a ben Levi is able to cover other Tevel with Terumas Ma'aser?
(e) What do we then learn from the Pasuk there "es Mikdesho Mimenu"?
(a) In its ruling 'and not from Ma'aser Sheni or Hekdesh which have been redeemed', why does the Mishnah specifically mention 'Hekdesh she'Nifdeh'?
(b) According to this Tana, what must be the status of Ma'aser Sheni?
(c) What is the case of 'Hekdesh she'Nifdeh'?
(d) 've'Lo min ha'Chiyuv al ha'Petur, ve'Lo min ha'Petur al ha'Chayav'. What does 've'Lo min ha'Petur' mean?
(a) Which statement does the Tana make, based on the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with Terumah) ...
1. ... "va'Harimosem"?
2. ... "Mimenu"?
(b) And what does he mean when he says 've'Lo ha'Chadash al ha'Yashan, ve'Lo min ha'Yashan al ha'Chadash'?
(c) What does he learns from the Pasuk in Re'ei - "ha'Yotzei ha'Sadeh Shanah Shanah"?
(d) What is the final case in the Mishnah's list (based on the Pasuk in Bechukosai "ve'Chol Ma'asar ha'Aretz mi'Zera ha'Aretz")?
(a) What is the Din with regard to separating Ma'asros from the fruit of Eretz Yisrael to cover fruit that grew in Syria (which is subject to Ma'asros like Eretz Yisrael)?
(b) In the latter cases the Tana speaks only about separating Ma'asros. what will be the Din regarding separating Terumah from one on to the other?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses five people who may not separate Terumah. Which two does it add to a person who is dumb, drunk or naked?
(b) What is the reason for the prohibition regarding ...
1. ... someone who is dumb or naked?
2. ... drunk or blind? What is the definition of 'drunk'?
3. ... a Ba'al Keri?
(c) What will be the Din in the event that any of the above did Ma'aser?
(a) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Korach "ve'Nechshav Lachem Terumaschem"? How should one not Ma'aser?
(b) Bearing in mind that this Pasuk is written in connection with Terumas Ma'aser, how do we know that it pertains to Terumah Gedolah?
(c) What does the Tana say about Ma'asering Tevel that has been measured, weighed or counted?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about ...
1. ... filling a measuring basket or box with Ma'asros?
2. ... filling half or a third of a measuring basket or box with Ma'asros?
(b) Why is filling the basket or box forbidden?
(c) And what does the Tana say about half filling a measuring vessel of a Sa'ah which sometimes has a marking for half a Sa'ah?
(a) What does the Torah say about separating Ma'asros from oil on pounded olives or wine on trodden grapes?
(b) What do Chazal say about that?
(a) What the Tana mean when he says ...
1. ... 'ha'Rishonah Medama'as'?
2. ... 've'Chayavin Alehah Chomesh'?
(b) What will be the equivalent Din with regard to the second batch of Terumah?
(c) How will we reconcile this Mishnah with the Mishnah that we learned earlier, which rules regarding someone who Ma'asers olives to cover oil, 'Ein Terumaso Terumah'?
(a) The Tana permits separating Ma'asros from oil on olives that have been pickled in wine or in vinegar. What is the fundamental difference between pickled olives and pounded ones (which the previous Mishnah forbade)?
(b) What does 'Nigmerah Melachto' mean?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about separating wine on grapes that have been designated for making raisins?
(a) What is the Din regarding Ma'asering olives or oil on olives, or wine or grapes on grapes, that have been designated for eating?
(b) What does the Mishnah then say in this case, in the event that the owner changes his mind and decides to use the olives to produce oil or the grapes to produce wine?
(c) Why is that?
(a) The Mishnah forbids the separating of Ma'aros from something which the Tana describes as 'Davar she'Nigmerah Melachto' on something which is not. What is a 'Davar she'Nigmerah Melachto' with regard to corn?
(b) What does he say about the reverse case (where he separates a Davar she'Lo Nigmerah Melachto on something which is Nigmerah Melachto')?
(c) And what does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Korach "ka'Dagan min ha'Goren ve'cha'Melei'ah min ha'Yekev"?
(d) What will be the Din if one contravened this ruling and Ma'asered from one on the other?
(e) What is the one dual exception to this ruling? By which of the above two cases does the Tana hold 'Ein Terumasan Terumah'?
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