Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

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Mishnah 1

(a) Why does the Mishnah forbid the separation of Tahor crops on Tamei crops?
(b) What will be the Din in the event that one did so?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about a round cake of figs, part of which became Tamei?
(d) How come that the Tamei figs do not render the Tahor ones Tamei anyway?
(e) Why is the significance of the '*be'Emes* Amru ... '?

(a) Why does the Tana find it necessary to repeat the current ruling with regard to ...
1. ... a tied bundle of vegetables?
2. ... a loose pile of corn?
(b) What does the Tana Kama say about two cakes of figs, two tied bundles of vegetables or two loose piles of corn?
(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer say about all this?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 2

(a) It is obviously forbidden to separate from Tamei on Tahor (since he causes the Kohen a loss [see Tiferes Yisrael]). What distinction does the Tana draw between Shogeg and Meizid with regard to there where one did?
(b) Under which circumstances will the Ma'asros be invalid, even if it was Ma'asered be'Shogeg?
(c) The Tana applies the same distinction to a ben Levi who possesses Ma'aser Tevel. What is Ma'aser Tevel? What is the problem with it (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(d) Under which circumstances is Rebbi Yehudah stringent, even by Shogeg?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 3

(a) Why did the Chachmim forbid the Toveling of Tamei vessels on Shabbos?
(b) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between someone who did so be'Shogeg and someone who did so be'Meizid?

(a) The Tana draws the same distinction between someone who Ma'asers on Shabbos be'Shogeg and someone who does so be'Meizid. What does he say about someone who cooks on Shabbos ...
1. ... be'Shogeg?
2. ... be'Meizid?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in ki-Sissa "u'Shemartem es ha'Shabbos, ki Kodesh Hi"?
(c) Finally, the Tana obligates someone who plants on Shabbos or in the Shemitah year be'Meizid, to uproot what he planted. What distinction does he draw between someone who did so on Shabbos and someone who did so in the Shemitah, be'Shogeg?
(d) Why were they particularly strict in the Shemitah year?

Mishnah 4

(a) It is not permitted to Ma'aser one species on another. What does the Mishnah say about a case where one did?
(b) And what does the Tana say about Ma'asering ...
1. ... one kind of wheat or fig on another kind?
2. ... pressed figs or trodden figs on one another?
(c) If there is a Kohen available, one Ma'asers the best-tasting fruit on the rest. What does one Ma'aser in the event that there is no Kohen available?
(d) Assuming that one has fresh figs and pressed figs, what should one therefore separate assuming that there are ...
1. ... Kohanim available?
2. ... no Kohanim around?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah say, based on the Pasuk in Korach "ba'Harimchem es Chelbo Mimenu"?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 5

(a) To what does the Tana Kama give priority, regarding someone who has, among a batch of onions to be Ma'asered, a complete small onion and half a big one? From which one should he Ma'aser on the batch?
(b) On what basis does Rebbi Yehudah disagree?

(a) What is the difference between town-grown onions and those that are grown in the village?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah therefore say about Ma'asering one on the other?
(c) What practical proof does Rebbi Yehudah bring that town onions are superior? Who are Politikim?

Mishnah 6

(a) What are 'Zeisei ...
1. ... Shemen'?
2. ... Kevesh'?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about separating Zeisei ...
1. ... Shemen on Zeisei Kevesh?
2. ... Kevesh on Zeisei Shemen? Why the difference?
(c) By the same token, what does the Tana say about separating boiled wine on wine that has not been boiled, and vice-versa?

(a) What principle governs the above ruling, which permits Ma'asering from good on bad?
(b) In which cases, may one not even Ma'aser good on bad? On which principle is it based?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Korach "Kol Chelev Yitzhar ve'Chol Chelev Tirosh"?

(a) With reference to two crops that are not subject to Kil'ayim, what will be the Din if one separated from the bad on to the good?
(b) The only exception to this rule is Zonin (a kind of legumes that grows together with wheat) on wheat. Why is that?
(c) The Tana Kama considers cucumbers and pickled cucumbers as belonging to one species. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

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