REVIEW QUESTIONS ON MISHNAYOS

Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
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TERUMOS PEREK 3

Mishnah 1

1)
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who Ma'asers cucumbers and finds that they are bitter, or a water-melon and finds that it has gone bad?
(b) Why did the Chachamim penalize him in this way, seeing as he is a Shogeg?
(c) By contrast, what will be the Din regarding a barrel of wine that one Ma'asers and then finds that it is sour, assuming that it ...
1. ... was known to have turned sour before being Ma'asered?
2. ... only turned sour afterwards?

2)
(a) What will be the Din in the case of a Safek (whether it had turned sour already before the Ma'asros were separated or only afterwards?
(b) In what way does this ruling differ from that of 'Kishos ve'Nimtza'as Marah'?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about one of the current batches of Terumah that ...
1. ... falls into less than a hundred of Chulin?
2. ... is eaten by a Zar?

Mishnah 2

3)
Following the ruling in the previous Mishnah, what be be the Din if the second batch of Terumah also falls into ...
1. ... less than a hundred of Chulin (in a different container)?
2. ... the same container as the first one?

Mishnah 3

4)
(a) According to Rebbi Akiva, if two partners both separate Terumah from their jointly-owned crops, one without the knowledge of the other, both sets of Terumah are valid. What exactly does this mean practically (assuming that each one separated one Sa'ah from fifty Sa'in)? Why should they have to give Terumah twice?
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(c) What is the Chachamim's reasoning?

5)
(a) How does Rebbi Yossi qualify the Chachamim's ruling? In which case will the Terumah that the second partner separated be valid?
(b) How do others explain Rebbi Yossi's statement?
(c) On what grounds do we rule like Rebbi Yossi?

Mishnah 4

6)
(a) How does this Mishnah qualify the previous one? In which case will the Terumah of a Sheli'ach always be valid?
(b) What does the Tana say about the Terumah that an Eved or a Shifchah separates?

7)
(a) The owner has the authority to negate the Shelichus after having sent the Sheli'ach. Under which circumstances is his Bitul invalid?
(b) What does the Tana say about an employee separating Terumah on behalf of his employer?
(c) Why is a grape-treader different? What is the case?
(d) At which point are we afraid of the owner coming in and rendering all the wine in the wine-press Tamei?

Mishnah 5

8)
(a) What are the ramifications of Rebbi Shimon's ruling that if someone declares that the Terumah and Ma'asros of the pile of corn beside which he is standing should take effect inside it?
(b) What second case does the Mishnah incorporate in this ruling?
(c) According to Rebbi Shimon, how will the owner fulfil the requirement of 'Shirehah Nikarin' (what remains after the Terumah has been designated, must be recognizable)?
(d) What do the Chachamim say about it?

9)
(a) Rebbi Elazar Chisma goes further than Rebbi Shimon. He even validates 'Terumas ha'K'ri Mimenu Alav'? In which point does he argue with him?
(b) Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov on the other hand, qualifies Rebbi Shimon's second ruling. He says 'ha'Omer Isur Ma'aser Zeh Asuy Terumas Ma'aser Alav, Kara Shem'. In which point does he argue with Rebbi Shimon?

Mishnah 6

10)
(a) In the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Mele'ascha ve'Dim'acha Lo Se'acher", what is ...
1. ... "Mele'ascha"?
2. ... "Dim'acha"?
(b) On what grounds is Ma'aser Rishon included in "Dim'acha"?
(c) What does our Mishnah learn from this Pasuk?
(d) Why is specifically Terumah referred to as "Dim'acha" (see Tosfos Yom-Tov)?

11)
(a) In which order should one separate one's Ma'asros?
(b) If somebody transgresses and gives either Terumah before Bikurim (see Tiferes Yisrael) or Ma'aser Sheni before Terumah, does this invalidate what he has done?

Mishnah 7

12)
(a) What is the Pasuk referring to when it writes in ...
1. ... Re'eh (in connection with what one has to bring to the Beis-Hamikdash) "u'Terumas Yadcha"?
2. ... Shoftim (in connection with what one has to give to the Kohen "Reishis Degancha, Tiroshcha ve'Yitzharecha"?
(b) What problem does this create (vis-a-vis the previous Mishnah)?
(c) When the Tana concludes that Bikurim nevertheless takes precedence because they are 'Bikurim la'Kol', he perhaps means that the very word "Bikurim" used by the Torah in Mishpatim ("Reishis Bikurei Admascha") implies that it is the first. What else might he mean?
(d) On what grounds does ...
1. ... Terumah then precede Ma'aser Rishon?
2. ... Ma'aser Rishon precede Ma'aser Sheni?

Mishnah 8

13)
(a) What does the Tana say about someone who meant to declare ...
1. ... something 'Terumah' and said by mistake 'Ma'aser' or vice-versa, 'Olah' and said by mistake 'Shelamim' or vice-versa?
2. ... that he will not enter room a., and said by mistake that he will not enter room b., or that he will not benefit from Reuven, and he said by mistake Shimon?
(b) What does he learn from the Pasuk in Ki Setzei "Motzei Sefasecha Tishmor ve'Asisa" and the Pasuk in Vayakhel "Kol Nediv-Lev"?

14)
(a) What is the Mishnah referring to when it validates the Terumos and Ma'asros that a Nochri or a Kuti have separated?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Korach "Kein Tarimu Gam Atem"?
(c) What does the Tana say about the Hekdesh of a Nochri?

15)
(a) Based on the assumption that the field of a Nochri is subject to Orlah (see Tosfos Yom-Tov), Rebbi Yehudah holds that it is not subject to Kerem Revai (see Tosfos Yom-Tov). What do the Chachamim say?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about the Terumah of a Nochri that fell into less that a hundred of Chulin?
(c) The Tana Kama also obligates a Zar who eats it to pay an extra 'fifth'. What does Rebbi Shimon say?

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