Prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim

Ask A Question

Previous Perek


Mishnah 1

(a) Our Mishnah permits someone who separated part of the Ma'asros from a pile of corn (one Sa'ah from a pile of a hundred Sa'in) to separate the remainder from the same pile. Why might we have thought that it is forbidden?
(b) The Tana Kama forbids however, separating from the same pile to cover other crops. What does Rebbi Meir say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 2

(a) The Mishnah discusses someone who has fruit in the Megurah. What is the 'Megurah'?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Meir allow a worker Talmid-Chacham to eat up to eight Sa'in from the Megurah? What must the latter see the owner doing?
(c) Why are we not afraid that the latter did not separate Terumah Gedolah?
(d) What do the Chachamim say? On what grounds do they disagree with Rebbi Meir? What does 'L'fi Cheshbon' mean?

(a) According to the second Lashon, Rebbi Meir and the Chachamim are arguing over whether we suspect that the ben Levi and the poor man ate part of the two Sa'in that they received. What will be the problem if they did (see Tosfos Yom-Tov)?
(b) What do the Chachamim therefore hold?
(c) In actual fact, Rebbi Meir permits more than eight Sa'ah. Why is that?

Mishnah 3

(a) The Tana Kama gives the Shi'ur Terumah for a generous person as one fortieth. What do Beis Shamai say?
(b) If an average person is expected to give a fortieth, how much will a miserly one give?
(c) How does one assess the amount of Terumah that one intends to separate?
(d) What does the Mishnah say about an average person who ...
1. ... separated a sixtieth?
2. ... did separate the difference (regarding Ma'asros), despite the fact that he is not obligated to do so?

(a) What will be the Din in a case of an owner who separated one Sa'ah from a pile of sixty-one?
(b) What concession does the Tana Kama allow him when he separates the supplementary Terumah?
(c) What additional concession does Rebbi Yehudah allow him?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 4

(a) The Mishnah requires a Sheli'ach who knows how much the owner generally gives the Kohen, to give accordingly. What should the Sheli'ach do if he does not know how much the owner usually gives?
(b) What does the Tana say about a case where the Sheli'ach ...
1. ... inadvertently gave 'ten' more (like a generous person) or 'ten' less (like a miserly person)?
2. ... deliberately gave 'ten' more or 'ten' less?
3. ... inadvertently gave 'eleven' or 'nine'?

Mishnah 5

(a) What does Rebbi Eliezer say regarding a case where someone separated ...
1. ... one tenth more Terumah than he needed to (i.e. a fortieth)?
2. ... in excess of one tenth more than he needed to?
(b) What is the reason for this latter ruling?
(c) Does this mean that the owner loses the crops that he gave to the Levi?
(d) Why did the Chachamim require the owner to declare the excess of one tenth Terumas Ma'aser on another place, and not Terumah Gedolah.

(a) According to Rebbi Yishmael, one is permitted to separate up to half of the pile as Terumah Gedolah. How does he learn that from the Pasuk in Shoftim "Reishis Degancha"?
(b) Rebbi Tarfon and Rebbi Akiva go even further. How do they interpret "Reishis Degancha"?

Mishnah 6

(a) What does the Mishnah mean when it requires the basket to be checked three times a year? Which basket is it referring to?
(b) What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'bi'Vechoros'?
2. ... 'be'Emtza ha'Kayitz?
3. ... 'be'Sayafos'?
(c) How does one now assess the basket on each of these three occasions (see Mishnah Rishonah)?
(d) It is preferable to count the fruit when separating Ma'aser and Terumas Ma'aser than to assess it. What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... measuring it?
2. ... weighing it?

Mishnah 7

(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, one Sa'ah of Terumah becomes Batel in a hundred Sa'in of Chulin. What is the practical application of this statement?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(c) In his opinion, the additional amount does not have a Shi'ur. What does Rebbi Yossi ben Meshulam say about that?
(d) He adds 'Sh'tus li'Medama'. What does he mean by that (see Tiferes Yisrael)?

(a) What do all the Tana'im learn from the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with Terumah) "es Mikdesho Mimenu"?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(c) What must one do if more than the Shi'ur Bitul of Terumah falls into Chulin?

Mishnah 8

(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua mean when he says that white figs are Mevatel black ones and vice-versa? What is the case?
(b) What is Rebbi Yehoshua's reason?

(a) And he says the same thing about large rings of figs being Mevatel small ones and vice-versa, and about Igulim and Milbenim. What are 'Milbenim'?
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(c) What compromise does Rebbi Akiva make between the two opinions?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 9

The Mishnah illustrates Rebbi Akiva's opinion. What does he say in a case where ...
1. ... a black fig falls into a dish containing fifty black figs and fifty white ones?
2. ... it was a white fig that fell into the same dish?

Mishnah 10

(a) The Mishnah now discusses a case where someone was treading a Litra (half a Log) of dried figs of Terumah on top of one barrel out of fifty barrels say, of figs, and he cannot remember which one he was treading. Bearing in mind that Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua argued in the previous Mishnah, what basic fact is the Tana coming to teach us?
(b) Assuming that each barrel contains a hundred Litrin, what does Rebbi ...
1. ... Eliezer rule in this case?
2. ... Yehoshua rule?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehoshua say about the figs at the bottom of the barrels?

Mishnah 11

(a) What does Rebbi Eliezer rule in a case where a Sa'ah of Terumah fell into a store-house of produce, and the owner removed the top Sa'ah (though the actual Sa'ah of Terumah cannot be identified)?
(b) What is he coming to teach us? Why might we have thought that this case is different than the previous one?
(c) Rebbi Yehoshua holds that the Sa'ah does not become Batel (like he learned in the previous Mishnah). What does he suggests one does to prevent the entire storehouse from becoming forbidden?
(d) Seeing as according to Rebbi Yehoshua, it is possible to do what he just suggested, in which case will we apply the Din of Terumah becoming Batel in a hundred and one?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 12

(a) What does the Mishnah say about a Sa'ah of Terumah that fell into one of two boxes or storehouses each containing fifty Sa'in, but it is not known which one?
(b) What options does the owner have?
(c) According to the Tana Kama, under which circumstances will this ruling apply even if the boxes are in two different rooms? Why is that?
(d) What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?

Mishnah 13

(a) Rebbi Yossi cited an episode that occurred with Rebbi Akiva, where one bundle, comprising half Terumah and half Chulin, fell into fifty bundles of Chulin more or less the same size. What was the total amount of Sa'in in the box?
(b) What ruling did Rebbi Yossi suggest to his Rebbe?
(c) What Chidush is Rebbi Yossi coming to teach us?
(d) Did Rebbi Akiva agree with his Talmid's ruling?

Answers to questions

Next Perek

Main Review Questions and Answers Page for Seder Zeraim

Sponsorships & donations  •  Readers' feedback
 •  Mailing lists  •  Archives  •  Ask the Kollel
 •  Dafyomi weblinks  •  Calendar
 •  Hebrew material